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CORRUPTION AT DIFFERENT LEVELS: DOES IT START FROM HOME?

Corruption is a complicated social, economic, and political happening that affects all countries. It nibbles the ability of trust, hinders and destroys economic development and democracy. It also worsens poverty, creates social division and inequality. Corruption can occur anywhere, can involve anyone. It happens within the shadows and adapts as per different contexts and circumstances. According to the study conducted by Transparency International in 2020, India ranks 86th out of 180 countries across the globe. India also has 89% government corruption. Corruption can take many forms, like public services demanding and receiving money, politicians misusing their positions, and corporations bribing officials to urge their deal done. It is estimated that one out of every five people who used government services paid a bribe in the previous year.


Corruption is a massive problem in India because it threatens the law and order of the nation. Bribes were once used to get the wrong things done, but now they are used to get the right things done at the appropriate time. The link between officials, politicians, and criminals is a major cause of corruption. Corruption exists at many levels starting from home to national and international.


How does corruption exist at home? As a family, we are the ones to teach the morals, but in some way or the other, we influence them the habit of bribing. We together can make a system work or break. But money seems to be the easiest way to escape hassles. For instance, when a parent or guardian pays a bribe to avoid questioning an underage teenager about riding a bike or driving a car, this directly influences the teenager that bribing can get things done. 


At the local government level, there is a lot of corruption. Corruption exists not just on a national or international scale, but also a local scale. Factors known to induce or increase the probability of corruption in a local government are gender, religion, race, size of the municipality, and economic conditions. Small civic bodies may experience corruption too often. This happens because these towns or villages nominate their residents as officials to run a local government. So here, personal opinions and relationships with the officials play a significant role. In addition, the local government may also face a lack of experience and professionalism from their officials. 


Political corruption: Political corruption is the primary cause of rising corruption cases in India, and the country has the highest level. Corruption related to tax evasion represents a common form of corruption. The phrase "political corruption" describes government officials abusing their legal authority for personal gain. Politicians and government officials are the most commonly involved, which results in black money being invested and lowering people's faith in the government. Neither it includes abuse of government power in the pursuit of other objectives, such as the oppression of political opponents or general police brutality, nor the private criminal activity that is not in direct link with the government. Political corruption includes nepotism, bribery, extortion, fraud, and misappropriation. Mainly, corruption undermines the authority of the political body and severely undermines the law that governs society like businessmen, who launch businesses to become powerful, small-time politicians form caste-based regional parties. There is no doubt that corruption has weakened India's institutions more than the country's weak currency, and soaring inflation has hindered efforts to eliminate poverty and support continuous growth. Politics nowadays is destined only for corrupt people. Several illegal activities have been linked directly to elections across the country. However, the main cause of political bribery in India may be associated with these elections. The Indian elections are not funded by the government, and winning elections without spending a lot of money on the campaign seems unachievable these days. Furthermore, there are no limits on the amount of money that can be spent on political campaigns. Despite our protests against corruption, we do not hesitate to vote for crooked officials. We vote for money, television, or presents on occasion, or we do not vote at all.


 At present, if someone wants to get employment in the government sector, he must either bribe someone in lakhs or get a reference from an important person. On the other hand, the officials from many sectors like civil, medical, and lots of more levy people with fake charges, whether or not you have got a requirement to meet an official, initially you need to bribe the peon even to enter the space. People are forced to hunt alternative solutions to access basic services through networks of familiarity and petty corruption because bureaucrats are too slow and sophisticated to adequately manage their work. In addition to bribing people also use their connections to get things done easier and quicker. Corruption practices in developed countries and those in India differ greatly. There have been many cases of several prime ministers and Presidents, as well as the heads of states of the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Israel, resigning due to corruption allegations. There is, however, no corruption in everyday life there, unlike in India. Often several candidates promise service in return for bribes. 


Corruption exists at all levels. We are responsible for making the system a success or failure. We are corrupt whenever we bribe an officer for a traffic violation or a driver's license. Corruption consumes the social structure holding the system together. It sabotages individuals’ confidence in the political framework, its foundations, and its initiatives. Corrupt public officials facilitate criminal activities, even terrorism, as they provide criminals with information and assistance within their illegal activities. A wary or unconcerned public would then be able to turn out more obstacles to testing corruption. The result of corruption is loss of credibility, economic loss, and the impacts of corruption disproportionately affect the most vulnerable people in society. The judiciary, police, and administration all operate within a timeframe that is consistent with their integrity and coherence. These are India's most sparse places. If corruption is to be effectively avoided, it has been suggested that harsh punishment be used. The likelihood of being captured, summoned, and eventually sentenced to prison is more important than the severity of the punishment. They must recognize the long-term susceptibility of corruption and, as a result, the need for transparency in democratic processes to deepen integrity. 


 


 


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