Does development benefit us, or are we creating a mess on earth? By making luxury a priority for humans, we make it even worse. We had to impede this instantly or get ready for immense destruction. Society needs scrupulous consideration for its survival.
Environmental problems are caused by several factors. Plastic litter, industrialization, the extinction of plants and animals, and the growth of populations are the epitome of environmental problems.
Plastic bags are ubiquitous despite being banned by numerous countries. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), nearly 8 million tons of plastic bags end up in the ocean out of 300 million tons made in one year. Even more grim for marine life, many species of fish die due to plastic bags. Fish or turtles eat it mistakenly and they are unable to digest it, making it fatal.
The Economic Forum estimates that by 2050, oceans will have more plastic bags than fish. A plastic bag does not decompose completely for hundreds of years. Apart from this, over-fishing causes the extinction of various fish species.
Plants and animals have a vital role in our environmental system but we cut down plants on a large scale and hunt animals for food or in some cases cruelly for game. Plants provide approximately 28% of oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. Plants whip up our grub, a necessity for us, but we're still hooked on deforestation.
Animals help with pollination, species control, and nutrient cycling. According to Ecology Letter 2021, the extinction of aculeate pollination threatens plant species. A little bird, the sparrow can make a big difference in the field of agriculture. China had paid the price to diminish this bird in a rice crop.
Industrialization is abysmal for the environment. It creates air pollution and causes global warming. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) shared that 1 degree Celsius has already been raised since the Industrial Revolution.
Vehicles are the main reason for air pollution. It omits carbon dioxide from the greenhouse effect, which is the most important one. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution was responsible for 4.2 million untimely deaths in 2016.
Climate change leads to global warming. Sea levels are rising, which is a major concern for many countries. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), global warming contributes to extreme weather events such as heat waves, droughts, floods, and storms.
COP 28 was held in Dubai, UAE, in 2023 to thwart global warming. At the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference, more than 197 countries represented their presence. It has been said that changes in countries are imminent it was revealed that 2023 will be the hottest year on record.
A variety of factors in different countries cause environmental problems. For instance, according to statistics on environmental problems in the Netherlands:
Plastic litter 38%
Climate change 24%
Air pollution 15%
Exploitation of natural resources 15%
Loss of biodiversity by 10%
The world is in a climate emergency. More than 11,000 scientists straightforwardly declared a climate emergency in 2019. There is a need for authorities to take a proactive approach and establish new rules worldwide. Human activities contribute to the destruction of the environment. Prepare for a horrendous future if we fail to take immediate action.
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