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Anxiety And Depression in Women


Mental illness includes a wide range of disorders of thinking, emotion, and behaviour. Mental illness is severe and affects a person’s ability to cope with life. It includes many types of disorders like anxiety, schizophrenia, personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and depression. The main causes of mental illness are daily life hassles, inherited factors, and the environment in which you were brought up and live. 

What is Anxiety?

It is a sense of worry and apprehension. People reply to things with worry and dread. Women are more prone than men to have an anxiety disorder. Long-term anxiety and panic attacks cause our brain to release stress hormones regularly. Symptoms of anxiety disorders are headaches, dizziness, and depression.

There are many forms of anxiety disorders which include:

  • Generalized disturbance (GAD)

  • Panic disorder.

  • Phobias. 

  • Separation anxiety. 

Women have a well higher risk of developing anxiety disorders as compared to men. According to a report of the APA( American Psychological Association ) women have double the chance to have mental illnesses such as anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, GAD(Generalized Disturbance), Social disturbance, and OCD(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder). 

Risk factors of Anxiety disorder in women 

  • The family setting might contribute to inflated risk particularly for anxiety. 

  • Women who were sexually abused as youngsters seem to be at inflated risk of adult-onset and anxiety disorder. 

  • Often ladies work outside the house and still handle home responsibilities.

  • Many ladies traumatize the challenges of single adulthood, like operating multiple jobs to create ends meet. 

Why is Social Anxiety More Common in Women?

  • It is a fear of being watched and judged. This is fear can affect daily life activities, work, and school. 

  • The most common symptoms of social anxiety are feeling of discomfort and shyness. It depends on your personality, how you react in a particular situation and it depends on life experiences as well. Some people are introverts and others are extroverts.  

  • Women are more sensitive than men when we talk about a hormone that organizes stress.

  • Women who were sexually abused in past are more prone to develop this disorder.

  • Most of the women in rural areas are not outgoing and don’t talk about their mental health problems because of the stigma which is attached to mental health. 

Comparing The Level of Anxiety in Male & Female School Students

  • According to a study of male students, psychological differences help in explaining gender gaps. 

  • But if we talk about social factors like gender roles are also important. 

  • Men experience more societal pressure than women to face fear and women face different life circumstances than men for example women are more prone to be sexually assaulted during childhood and adulthood and women also show more biological stress reactivity than men do.

  • Tradition maintains a hierarchical order in the family in which dominance of male over female and older over younger is also a factor.

What is Depression? 

According to WHO Depression is a common mental disorder with symptoms such as a depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration. Depression often coexists with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and others, especially among women. 

Risk Factors of Depression in Women 

  • Hormone changes throughout pubescence might increase some ladies ' risk of developing depression.

  • The risk of depression might increase throughout the transition to change of life, a stage referred to as pre-change of life once secretion levels might fluctuate.

  • Depression risk might also rise throughout the early change of life or once change of life each time. 

  • Most of the women are not financially independent as compared to men. It can lead to uncertainty regarding the future and access to community and health care resources is also less. 

  • These problems will cause feelings of negativity, low shallowness, and lack of management over life. 

Bipolar Disorder 

  • Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that involves significant changes in mood and other symptoms and it is a part of depression.

  • Females have a higher risk of developing this disorder it includes problems like migraine, thyroid, obesity, anxiety.

  • Symptoms of bipolar mood disorder include feeling irritated, experiencing reduced sleep, having low self-esteem, and being easily distracted.

  • Females are more likely to experience depression than males because depressive symptoms tend to be dominant and most of the time females with this disorder receive the wrong diagnosis of depression.

Social Impact And Prejudice

  • According to research social factors are more responsible to develop this disorder among women like stigma, loss of control, changes to relationships, and pressure of being normal.

  • Economic factors also influence the experience of this disorder for example women who are financially independent, have a safe place to live in, and have good family backgrounds can manage better.

  • Through medication, counselling, psychotherapy, and other treatments like ECT (Electroconvulsive treatment ) can resolve the problem.

How to Overcome Depression And Anxiety? 

  • Campaigns regarding depression ought to specialize in many actions close to the reduction of risk factors.

  • Programs ought to be there that target psychological and physical health.

  • Interventions for individuals stricken by depression ought to be conducted to enhance psychosocial well-being.

  • What we tend to eat encompasses a direct impact on the approach we are feeling. Women should eat healthy to take care of their immunity. 

  • There are various styles of psychotherapy for depression patients like psychotherapy, behavioural therapy, or medical aid. These therapies are useful for patients stricken by depression. 


Depression and Anxiety are prominent disorders within the world and affect all. An answer for depression and anxiety is at hand. On a personal, community, and national level it's time to teach ourselves regarding depression and anxiety to support people who are stricken by these mental disorders.


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Tags: #psychology #womenhealth #saynotodepression


5 months, 4 weeks ago by siddharthyadav37

Very informative, and very well written.

5 months, 4 weeks ago by kanikaharjai0150

Very nicely written👏👏👏

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