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Depression: "Why is depression increasing in the youth"

 


Depression


Why is depression increasing in the youth 



Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistent sadness and loss of interest. It affects how you feel, think, and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. It is also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression.


What are the four most common causes of depression?


Here are four of the most important.


Genetics. Your genetic code is one of the most influential factors in the onset of major depression.... Substance Abuse.... Early Childhood Experiences.... Major Life Events (Both Immediate and Prolonged)


Common Depression Symptoms


Consistently depressed...


Disinterest in or avoidance of previously enjoyed hobbies....


Problems with concentration or memory


Significant shifts in eating or sleeping habits...


Reduced self-care....


Physical aches and pains, as well as other health issues...


feeling downcast or hopeless...


heightened irritability or anger


An individual must have five depression symptoms every day, nearly all day, for at least two weeks to be diagnosed with depression. A depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities must be one of the symptoms. Children and adolescents may be more irritable than sad.


How prevalent is depression in Pakistan?


They discovered that the mean overall prevalence of depressive disorders and anxiety was 34% (range 29-66% for women and 10-33% for men) in their review.


Important Pakistan information.


Pakistan has a population of 157,935,009 people, with urban areas accounting for 34% of the total.


The literacy rate is 49%.


35% of the population is poor.


There are 128073 physicians in total.


Many factors contribute to the development or onset of teen depression, including obesity, peer problems, long-term bullying, or academic problems, all of which can have a negative impact on self-esteem. being a victim of or witness to violence, such as physical or sexual abuse. Depression affects an estimated 3.2 percent of American children and adolescents. While depression was once thought to be an adult problem, researchers now know that it can affect children as young as two years old. Depression has no single cause. It can happen for a variety of reasons and has numerous triggers. An upsetting or stressful life event, such as bereavement, divorce, illness, redundancy, or job or money worries, can be the cause for some people. Depression is frequently caused by a combination of factors. Adolescents can become vulnerable to mental health problems as a result of physical, emotional, and social changes, such as poverty, abuse, or violence.


Environment


Young adults face a lot of pressure in Pakistan, where even the most basic necessities of life, such as education, health care, and adequate housing, are difficult to obtain. Inflation and a lack of jobs usually take their toll on them, leaving them feeling hopeless, worthless, and anxious, leading them to turn to smoking and drugs as coping mechanisms for their debilitating mental health.


Families Divided


Although divorce rates in Pakistan are lower than in other countries, this does not imply that our family lives are happy. While our men are busy working around the clock, our women are mostly housewives who work all day, unpaid and unrecognized. This vicious cycle leads to a lack of communication, inexpressibility, and numerous arguments. It has an even greater impact on their families than it does on their relationships. Young adults with depression and anxiety tend to have a history of fighting parents who are so preoccupied with their own problems that their child is neglected.


Inadequate acceptance and support


The problem with mental illness is that it is often hidden. A person who appears calm on the outside may not be so on the inside. And, despite the fact that mental illnesses are recognized and discussed, there is still a lack of support from friends and family. They may acknowledge it to some extent, but taking the sufferer to a therapist remains taboo due to "log kya kahenge."


 


In conclusion, despite widespread discussion of mental health, our society still has a long way to go before accepting it for what it is; especially when it is a common trait among an age group perceived as carefree.


 


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