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Personality Disorder & Its types

Psychological conditions such as personality disorders are marked by rigid and illogical patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving. Oftentimes, the experiences and behaviour of a person are different from those expected by the culture in which that person lives. 


Individuals with personality disorders may have difficulty building relationships with others and cope with everyday problems in the manner expected by their culture. Discrepancies between your thoughts and behaviour and the attitudes and behaviour accepted in society may go unnoticed by you.


You may find it challenging to participate in social, educational, and familial activities since your perspective on the world differs from that of others.


However, personality disorders can be treated with talk therapy and medication. A combination of these approaches can go a long way towards helping you deal with one of these disorders.


Relationship, social, and work problems are often caused by these behaviours and attitudes. They can also result in feelings of depression and anxiety for people.


Various types of personality disorders


·       Antisocial personality disorder


An antisocial personality disorder is defined as a pattern of disregarding or violating a person's rights. They may not follow social norms, lie or deceive people regularly, or act rashly.


·       Avoidant personality disorder


Excessive shyness, feeling inadequate and being extremely sensitive to criticism. An avoidant personality disordered person may be hesitant to participate in social events unless they are positive they will be liked, fearful of being judged or rejected, or anxious about their social position or incompetence.


·       Borderline personality disorder


Individuals with an unstable personal relationship pattern, intense emotions, and poor self-esteem often exhibit impulsive behaviour. In addition, someone who suffers from a borderline personality disorder may try multiple times to kill themselves, display intense anger inappropriately, or feel an overall sense of emptiness.


·       Dependent personality disorder


The need for attention, clinginess, and submissiveness. Dependent personality disorders can make day-to-day decisions difficult or even cause people to feel uncomfortable or helpless when alone, as they fear they won't be able to get by without others.


·       Histrionic personality disorder


People with histrionic personality disorder tend to be overly emotional or obsessional and may be uncomfortable when they are not the centre of attention. They may also use their appearance to draw attention to themselves or experience rapidly fluctuating emotions.


·       Narcissistic personality disorder


The hunger for adulation and a lack of empathy for others drives people with narcissistic personality disorders. They may display grandiose senses of self-importance or entitlement, manipulate others, or take advantage of them.


·       Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder


Control, orderliness, and perfection are all hallmarks of this pattern. OCD may cause an individual to spend too much time on details or routines, to work excessively without allowing time for leisure or friends, or to be rigid in their moral and value judgments. (OCPD is not the same as OCD.)


·       Paranoid personality disorder


Someone with a paranoid personality disorder keeps their distance from others because they believe they will be harmed or deceived. They do not trust others or become close to them.


·       Schizoid personality disorder


An individual with a schizoid personality disorder is detached from social relationships and demonstrates little emotion. Schizoid individuals tend not to wish to be with close friends, choose to be alone, and don't take criticism well.


·       Schizotypal personality disorder


Schizotypal personality disorders are characterised by distorted thinking, eccentric behaviour, and unbalanced behaviour in relationships. This disorder is characterised by skewed beliefs, bizarre or unusual behaviour, and excessive social anxiety.


Overview


When you have a personality disorder, thinking, functioning, and behaviour become rigid. You have difficulty relating to situations and individuals. You have difficulty understanding and perceiving people and situations. Relationships, social activities, work, and school are affected, as well as academic performance.


If your way of thinking and acting seems natural to you, you may not even be aware that you have a personality disorder. You may even blame others for your struggles.


There are many different types of personality disorders, some of which may become less noticeable as a person ages. Teenagers and early adults are usually affected by personality disorders.


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