On Tuesday, Delhi's air quality became awful after People in Delhi ignored the municipal government's restriction on using loud firecrackers on Diwali night, despite significant publicity and heavy fines. As a result, many loud firecrackers exploded throughout the evening.
Throughout the night of Diwali, the air was rendered unbreathable by the excessive level of noise generated by firecracker explosions. Then, at sunset, people began exploding firecrackers, and as the night proceeded, the volume of the explosions rose.
This Diwali, the government of Delhi banned the manufacture, storage, sale, and use of fireworks due to environmental and health concerns. The government has said that anybody caught violating the ban would be punished and imprisoned for six months.
Under Section 9B of the Explosives Act, the city's manufacturing, storage, and sale of firecrackers would be punished by a fine of approx Rs. 5,000 and a prison sentence of up to three years.
A total of 408 teams were established to enforce the prohibition. The Delhi Police formed 210 teams under the supervision of assistant commissioners, while the revenue department established 165 teams, and the Delhi Pollution Control Committee established 33 teams.
According to the System for Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), Delhi's air quality index (AQI) was 310 on Monday and 326 by 6 am on Tuesday, steady until 9 am, when it began to decline. It was 312 at 4 pm on Tuesday.
The average 24-hour AQI in Delhi, according to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), was 312 during Diwali, the lowest level in four years. The nation's capital's AQI for Diwali in 2018 was 382. In 2019, it was 337, 414 in 2020, and 382 in 2021.
Gopal Rai, the environment minister for Delhi, stated on Tuesday that the number of firecracker accidents on Diwali in the capital had decreased by 30% from the previous year and that the city had had its best post-festival air quality in five years.
The Supreme Court rejected last week's application to overturn the ban on firecrackers in Delhi, citing environmental concerns. In addition to firecrackers, stubble burning in
neighboring states like Haryana and Punjab worsens the air pollution in Delhi during the Diwali festival.
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