14 June 2022
Climate change has increasingly become to be viewed as a political issue since the 1970s. Policies have emerged since to respond to climate change and its repercussions. To put it simply, it refers to a change in average weather largely caused by release of greenhouse gases due to human activities. Earth’s climate has been changing long before humans started creating gases, but experts are certain that’s earth’s average temperature has been unusually changing for the last 150 years as a result of human actions.
Since the Industrial Revolution, burning fossil fuels provided all nations worldwide with energy that helped economic and industrial development. However, activists and experts have invited governments to take unwelcome results into consideration since the 1970s. Climate change mitigation became an essential part in all policies worldwide, however governors are doing so little to curb emissions. Some people say that climate change is posing complex, distinct challenges that global political systems cannot address. The capacity of big economies to produce worldwide efforts is limited with eagerness for power at one hand, and is weak to challenge threats in terms of time frame.
Now and for the next few decades, global warming is expected to cause natural disasters that might lead to institutional collapse. One major example is maintaining a sustainable food production to global growing population is posing a challenge to countries where sea level rise or drought is emerging and persisting during the last few decades leading to famine and scarcity of food provision which result in democracy collapse and political unrest. Environmentalists suggest that in 2100 problems like food insecurity as a sign of fragile policies will lead to economic crises bigger in comparison with COVID-19.
Attitudes to shifting away from fuels is mixed. High-income countries do depend on burning fossil fuels to run their economies, these emit high levels of greenhouse gases and they did not lower their emissions as agreed upon in the Paris Agreement of 2016. However, activists think democracy can have a positive influence where leaders are in a place to widely inform on climate change and mobilise people. In order to tackle the climate crisis, all countries around the world should collectively address this challenge. However, some political systems in the world are corrupt and run by lobbyism that favours their interests at the expense of humanitarian commitments to save the earth. To date, all systems; democratic and authoritarian have failed to follow conventions and agreements. Experts suggest that tackling climate shocks lie in the fact of unanimous global agreement where wider societies are targeted, more initiatives set, and the world citizens participate.
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