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Technology-Enabled CRS changes

According to the Union Home Ministry’s 2020–21 annual report, the Union government plans to revamp the Civil Registration System (CRS) to enable real-time birth and death registration with minimum human intervention and independent of location.

The Civil Registration System is run by the Registrar-General of India (RGI) and is linked to the National Population Register (NPR), which already has a database of 119 crore residents. The report recommended incorporating the changes due to birth, death, and migration. The NPR will be updated with the results of the decennial Census, which has been postponed indefinitely owing to the COVID-19 epidemic.

The report said, "The CRS system faces challenges in terms of timeliness, efficiency, and uniformity, leading in delayed and under-coverage of birth and death. To address the system’s issues in providing timely service to the people, the government of India has decided to implement transformative changes in the Civil Registration System of the country through an IT [information technology]-enabled backbone, leading to the registration of birth and death on a real-time basis with minimum human intervention.”

The modifications would involve automating the process delivery points such that service delivery was time-bound, uniform, and free of discretion. Also, the changes would be sustainable, scalable, and independent of the location. At present, the online software is available at and is operational in 22 states and the Union Territories.

The Registrar-General of India has proposed amendments to the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 that will enable it to maintain the database of registered births and deaths at the national level. According to the proposed amendments, the database may be used to update the population register, electoral register, Aadhar, ration card, passport, and driving licence databases.

The Act requires the registration of births and deaths, and the Chief Registrar is required to publish a statistical report on the registered births and deaths each year. Under Section 3(3) of the 1969 Act, the RGI Is authorised to take steps to coordinate and unify the activities of all state Chief Registrars of Births and Deaths.






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