With the sudden outbreak of Covid-19 and lockdown after lockdown, forceful cooped up of the humans in the house nearly for six months has tolled the domestic violence and inappropriate behavior against child marriage, rights and priorities are repressive under the male-dominated statesmanship of the house. Incongruity in opinion among intimate partner violence was found across regions, consistently prevalent in low- and lower-middle-income families compared to high-income households.
Severity and harshness against household and working women, ushering for gender parity is a prolonged demand that has a cult in patriarchy regime and has highlighted the setbacks of the society that is still utterly pervasive in the environment with the rise of the crisis and earned the moniker, “The Shadow Pandemic.” However, violence against women and girls intensified during the hours of a pandemic. It has raised the concerns of progress towards gender parity of reaching the “Sustainable development goal”, of the UN agenda 2030.
What does the UN SDGs Report say?
Globally, a survey of 122 community organizations shows that 85% of them reported a rapid increase in violence against women and girls (VAW/G) between March – September 2020 (UN Trust Fund to End VAW, 2020). According to the UN Sustainable Development Goal report 2020-21, nearly 26 percent of those aged between 15 and 19, and around 26 percent of those aged 20 to 24 marked the barbarity, in other means -- out of one in three women are subjected to physical/sexual violence. The report says violence, sexual abuse against women had been seen before the pandemic and during the pandemic, it has heightened domestic inhumanity that has been mapped by the intimate partner(male).
Crisis begets barbarity against a woman
The recent report of WHO demonstrates that from the outbreak of Ebola (West Africa) to Cholera (Yemen), had witnessed the gender-based violence and sexual abuse has been pervasive which highly impact the health and mental sanity of women to breathe prerogatively in the world which highly filthy. There were many reports which hinted or opined that crises were the major cause to beget increased violence against women and girls. According to the UNICEF help desk for Gender-based data represents that the various forms of violence aggravated during crisis periods, including trafficking, child marriage, sexual exploitation, and abuse. With the negative impact of female labor market participation, earning, mental health, and household consumption, including costs ranging from 1-4% of global GDP.
Brutality against women intensified during a pandemic
The National Commission of Women (NCW) had received 13,410 complaints against men between March and September 2020. Of all of the reports, 4,350 were of domestic violence. Complaints paced during March and May in which one-third of complaints registered in the last three months alone.
According to The Hindu, a man in Tripura reported to NCW that his sister was being physically assaulted in her in-home law and that she was unable to leave due to the lockdown.
As per the study of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Ravindran and Shah (2020) estimated that in May 2020, the increase in domestic violence complaints in red zone districts was 131% which was comparably higher than green zone districts with fewer restrictions. Red zone districts also saw an inordinate number of complaints of cybercrime.
Grievance Reported officially:
The data obtained by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare survey 2015-2016 shows that only 14% of women who have ever experienced violence seek help. As a result, it reads that violent figures are only the tip of the iceberg. On the other hand, the NCW data shows, approximately 800 complaints were filed in the NCW for various crimes committed against women.
How did the world tackle it?
Countries like Spain, South Africa, Singapore are heralded to protect and confer assistance to the victims of gender-based violence and their children as an intrinsic service.
WHO recommended a number of free, circumspect steps and some scalable digital solutions that are proving to be instrumental in alleviating domestic violence in this pandemic when physical and family support chains for victims were compromised. To combat domestic violence, countries have sought the assistance of WhatsApp / web-based hotlines, online support groups, and social media campaigns to alter their outlook, with some countries leapfrogging for their best practices.
On the other hand, Czech Republic adopted the Bright Sky app and trained delivery personnel on how to recognize and react to signs of domestic violence.
Paving the way to eliminate domestic violence, France, in a groundbreaking Modus Operandi implemented a provision in which women could report domestic violence at pharmacies using the codeword "mask19”. In a budget session, New Zealand proclaimed a 200 million budget to allocate the fund to domestic violence prevention and rehabilitation and has started a 1 million fund for organizations combating domestic violence.
How India is dealing to subjugate the effects of Domestic Violence in COVID-19
As per the UN COVID19, Gender Response Tracker data shows that to date, only 48 out of 206 countries, including India, have treated violence against women and girls-related services as an intrinsic part of their COVID-19 response strategies.
One-Stop Centres, Ujjawala Homes, and Emergency Response Support System are some of the operational schemes of the Government of India(GOI) to ensure gender parity in society. Some states, however, initiate initiatives to ensure the rights and privileges of women not be displaced.
Uttar Pradesh comes up with a campaign - “Uttar Pradesh Police’s “Suppress corona, not your voice” campaign,” followed by Odisha Police’s Phone-Up program; Kerala State Commission for Women’s telephonic counseling facility. Maharashtra Government's Akshara Centres, Special Cell for Women and Children, and the #LockdownOnDomesticViolence campaigns were fundamental steps, implicit intolerance against domestic violence among government bodies.
This scheme has the potential to alleviate the violence against women. Surprisingly, it will not be as simple as strategies rely on to project utopian vibes against their safety. The misogynist and patriarchal regime is far older and holds a conservative set of minds to the male-dominated society who enjoy putting down the women under their feet; elevates the manhood culture.
In India, nearly 52% of women and 42% of men believe it is justified for a husband to clout his wife. Ironically, in the same land, goddess Durga is worshiped for nine days to gain blessing and wealth. If only this mindset can be altered the world would be a paradise for women to breathe.
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