Syria, in the midst of battle, is a country that refuses to back down:
Due to a lack of resources and the growing economy of the Syrian Republic, there were intensified protests in March 2011, which led to some of the protest leaders vandalising property and the walls on the streets by "street art" and spraying them. This resulted in the arrest of the leaders, and instead of lessening the protests, this act intensified not just the protests but also the bloodshed inflicted by Bashar al-forces. Assad’s This quickly escalated into a domestic and public conflict. But how did this become a proxy war that has lasted over 11 years?
“A war has its grounds,” and the following seem to justify this war:
When Bashar Al Assad succeeded his father in power in 2000, a large number of civilians complained about a lack of “free choice” that many of them had never had. Aside from that, corruption was not a new phenomenon in the Syrian administration, as unemployment was at an all-time high. Protests erupted as a result, and they quickly became the norm for Syrian residents.
To suppress the protests, Bashar al-military Assad’s used “force,” but when that failed, they turned to brutality, employing chemical weapons on 300 civilians in the Damascus suburb of Goethe in 2013. Before anyone knew it, more than 90,000 civilians had been unjustly killed on the eve of this heinous conflict. When the battle reached every corner of Syria, it broke the world’s silence, prompting repeated gatherings with failed talks to try to put a stop to this nightmare.
While the rest of the world was preoccupied with “peace talks,” Daesh had expanded its control, including areas reaching from Aleppo to Iraq’s Diyala region. The US considered “Daesh” as a far greater threat to the world than other extremist groups, such as “YPG” and “FSA,” and financed these groups to assist them in fighting Daesh. Before long, multiple powers were fighting for different sides within Syria, resulting in just around 50 percent or less of Syrian territory being under government control, with the rest distributed among the various organisations.
“Without help, no country is powerful enough to turn itself into a war.”
To begin with, the Russians are reported to have backed the legitimate Syrian regime, which the US has recognised. Second, the Russian government kept a close eye on the “Daesh” and “Nusrah” factions from 2011 to 2014 without making any direct contact. According to Vlacheslav Mutuzov, the US intervened directly by attacking the Syrian army in 2014, allowing the Russian military to then intervene by boosting their soldiers on the ground in Syria (a former Russian diplomat).
After Daesh gradually expanded its territory, the world superpowers had the perfect justification to intervene and worsen the situation. With the US now fighting on the ground, Russia began airstrikes on “alleged” “Daesh” territories that were later proved to be non-regime targets. Oubab Khalil (a national alliance of Syrian revolutionaries) reminds us that the US has made no attempts or made any headway toward a political settlement.
On the ground, Russia and Iran are continuing their strikes on people, whereas Turkey has been attempting to end the war since its inception. Turkey has even taken in thousands of refugees and established camps where they are being treated. With Bashar al-Assad in power, it is extremely improbable that terrorist groups will resurface.
“Failed schemes to avert this conflict”; a fading hope:
World organisations have tried 19 initiatives, 29 rounds of talks, and 13 UN Security Council resolutions with no success. Furthermore, the Astana talks, which are sponsored by Russia, Iran, and Turkey, have been quite promising and successful thus far, bringing together Bashar al-Assad and significant opposition groups.
The Geneva negotiations, sponsored by the UN and Russia, are focused more on the Bashar Al-Assad side but have made little or no progress in ending the crisis. Nonetheless, the Russian-sponsored Sochi deal aims to draught a new Syrian constitution but offers only a glimmer of hope for peace.
“Uncertainty about the future”:
All parties involved have been ineffectual due to a lack of political will and an understanding of how the Syrian situation affects US interests. However, there are still many misconceptions regarding which of the superpowers participating has a majority of the vote and is a vital participant in Syria’s destiny. Russia and Iran are supposed to be able to entirely control Syria’s future if they become partners. Aside from that, the absence of action by those who are vocally rising up to defend Syria is what is extending the war.
Negotiating and establishing a peace agreement are severely limited unless the dictatorship pays the price.
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