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THE MOST SALIENT CAUSES AND JUSTIFICATIONS  OF CONTEMPORARY WARS

The dominant request to find answers for some issues in our lives shall never be futile. Among the several thoughts are what touches our emotion about fear and insecurity, which threatens our existence to make last farewell for our beloved ones. These tragedies have occurred in a glimpse of an eye and could continue to take a place due to decisions of waging wars. The unfortunate enough who’ve witnessed these incidents are asking what is in for them behind wars? Most importantly, what are the causes of wars? Mostly, opinions about such topics are being portrayed through developing reasons in different publishes and different intellectuals in merely theoretical insights. 


However, the causes are varied from conflict stages before going to war, the economic motives and finally the military superiority about new contemporary wars. Every single child is born with instinct, then, usually, parents simultaneously convey conceptions relevant to certain cultural or religious norms. Then, education path and social environment determines thoughts. In more elaboration, during different phases and periods, child mental abilities could be influenced intellectually to be able to take some certain decisions. Some thinkers believe that mankind is violent by nature and there will never be an ultimate peaceful human. 


 


As a matter of fact, taking into consideration a religious perspective, God Almighty, the Supreme Power, the Most Justice and the Most Merciful as well, has the power to eliminate evil from the universe, but to prevail his ultimate justice, balance, and equality in life; God allowed evil to be present. Psychologically, unconsciousness plays a significant motive for human beings when describing the ability of going to war. Sigmund Freud theorised the role of the unconscious in war (1961). In contrast, there are various amounts of individuals are aware enough and bravely reject the notion of war and being portrayed as legislators of bloodshed and many atrocities.


This raises doubts about the extent of their abilities to block state’s vigorous strategic plans. Even when they attempt to take a reasonable effective reaction towards specific issues of conflict among states that have already mobilised their armament for going to war, they fail to prevent such official escalated reactions. In other words, Wohlfled, M. (2010) advocated that conflict resolutions practitioners often misunderstand the escalated intensity of threats and the life cycle of conflict due to the nature of humans related to cultural and educational boundaries.  


The United Nations is a clear case regarding their response and their perception of stages of conflict for the US invasion to Iraq. There were several sensitive indications of hidden and appeared US employee conflict directed to the Iraqi regime for more than ten years which eventually led to the military move.  Furthermore, Herd Policy usually drives and leads the majority. Governments utilize many tricks to convince the public about certain orientations or interests. Even those related to going to war.


Defending and expanding the state’s territory, conquering limited resources, confronting threats of terrorism, or even assisting other nation to restore democracy and fight for their autonomy or whatever the reason is; all plays merely justification role than the very far actual cause. Again, one obvious example is the 2003 US invasion to Iraq, which Gorge W Bush Administration used conglomerate propaganda to persuade the American Citizens first and the world about the legitimacy of toppling Saddam Hussein regime.


 


Stages of Conflict


Human Rights violations have been recognized throughout history frequently. On many levels, special reports recorded infringements within the main civil rights that summed into the pattern of war crimes. For instance, fundamental needs such as having an appropriate place to live and eliminating individual crimes as well as organized cartel crimes such as human trafficking and drug distributions. The governmental denial of providing adequate opportunities of decent life has certainly been a facilitating factor for many wars. Usually states via its different institutions are the responsible for creating a stable economic and peaceful life for the country’s citizens. Not to mention that suppression of human needs could be a vital cause for war. However, when a state’s system fails to fulfil this target by taking into considerations interests regarding its own thoughts; the amount of being vulnerable or triggered into conflict stages and war raise respectfully.  There are some thoughts informing that there are some recognisable efforts indicating conflicts for pre-war stage. For instance, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The institution role is undertaken recognizably by producing alarms for initial indicators of “justice and human rights” as first priority within different classifications.


 


The Economic Motive


The satisfaction of basic needs is always required for human development as well as for the survival of human beings. Clearly, one of the most important causes behind the sense of social gab among communities; is the economic inequality. Lack of an adequate income per capita next to high percentage of unemployment rates along with poverty; creates social injustice which eventually could lead to civil war. This type of war condition was originated by the failure in producing equal political freedom and individuals’ economic power. 


 


The Military Superiority


Throughout history, military forces superiority played the ultimate role in demolishing one part of a constant bipolar conflict. Yet, the originated consequences from such conflict were not always guaranteed. However, contemporary wars clarified contradiction among the true upper hands and subordinations. The regular two armies declaring a war following an order from the first official person “president” whether the motive behind it was for self-defence, confronting possible threats, or even fighting terrorism; is not working nowadays. Recently, many current examples of military failure exposed limited capabilities when it comes to confrontation. This has occurred due to the born of domestic groups, resistance fighters or what so called insurgencies. 


A clear example is the book titled Counter insurgencies field manual, were John Nagel discussed how the US Military Forces faced difficulties on the ground during their existence in the Iraqi territories. Their enemy was not clear; they couldn’t recognise the actual hidden among civilians, which raised the losses of the thousands American Soldiers. However, the failure extended and allowed these groups to grow and move through different phases creating sub insurgencies and national movements until announcing the demonstration of the Islamic State or ISIS. This failing procedure is historical vital evidence on the change balance of powers on the contemporary wars. 


 


Conclusion


The final product here is that it is some sort of mission impossible to determine a primary reason for war. There is a variety of reasons varied from the stages of conflict which describes the environment of possible war till the military power. However, the nature of human beings is a vital reason for war due to its inclination towards aggressiveness, but it wouldn’t be a fair description to exposure it as primary reason.  There is another element influenced by human motive that is misunderstanding. For instance, the greed behind military capabilities or miscalculating rivals’ armament.    


 


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Tags: #opinion #genocide #War #Politics #HumanRights #history #UnitedNations #Violations #CivilRights #MilitaryInterventions #massacare #Iraqwar



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