Now in the world, at least 200 millions of women saw their genitals mutilated.
What is it about? Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a practice that comprises the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia. In particular, the Clitoridectomy comprises the total removal of the clitoris, while the Infibulation comprises the removal of the labia majora, labia minora and the clitoris. The circumcision takes place when girls are still young, up to 15 years old. The practice is not only extremely painful, but represents also a complication for the health. The effects that such practice has on women’s health include pain, long-lasting infections, mental health problems and, sometimes, death.
FGM is a typical ritual of some countries in Africa, Asia and South America. FGM is a tradition and people do not question it: the victims of such practice live in a society that normalizes FGM and those who do not have it are marginalized because as different. Somalia is the most affected country by this practice: 98% of women are circumcised.
What are the reasons for the practice? Behind the veil of the tradition, the very reason of the practice is the control of women: a woman deprived of her sexual desire is not prone to sexual intercourse and betrayal. FGM is just another dark side of the objectification of women and their long-lasting submission to men.
The international community today considers FGM a violation of human rights (in particular the right to health) and the United Nations set the elimination of the practice by 2030.
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