(euthanasia from Greek: εὐθανασία; "good death") is the act of killing an animal or allowing it to die by withholding extreme medical measures. This article will cover the opposite of euthanasia in Iran!
Warning! This article includes content that might be disturbing to some people!
Dog killing in Iran by municipalities is the name of measures taken by Iranian municipalities in order to reduce the population of stray dogs by Article 55, Clause 15 of the Municipalities Law, which assigns the control of stray and disease-causing animals to this institution. According to the constitution that was prepared and regulated in 2007, these animals should be collected in places far away from the urban environment after being taken alive, and after checking by a veterinarian to confirm the health of the animal, after sterilization, to donate the animal to the applicants and exterminate animals that are sick. However, despite paying the budget, there are many reports on attempts to kill dogs by direct gunshots, acid injection, burying dogs in lime and other extermination methods by the municipal officials during different periods in the cities.
In this regard, the municipality says that it has assigned the task of controlling stray animals to the "waste management company", which has also led to dealing with these animals inappropriately.
The widespread use of poison and gunshots to kill dogs is the difficulty of bringing the animal back to life, the lack of necessary tools to do the job, and the high price of painless death drugs. International sanctions were considered the main reason for the high price of the above drugs.
Regarding the non-interference in the issue of dog killing, the Environmental Organization said that this organization does not have legal authority over urban dogs and cats and is only responsible for rare wildlife animals. Its objection to serial dog killings is due to public protests and not legal authority.
According to an environmental activist, thousands of dogs are killed every year in every metropolis of Iran, which can be compared to the Chinese Yulin festival in terms of the number of dogs killed.
Lack of funds, lack of laws to protect animals, handing over the control of the dog population to non-specialist organizations, international sanctions and the use of inefficient methods are among the reasons that have challenged the control of the stray dog population in Iran.
The law about killing dogs:
The lack of deterrent and enforceable laws is one of the reasons that does not prevent this type of animal abuse. Despite the laws for protecting wildlife animals in the environmental organization, there is a legal vacuum for animals such as dogs and cats, and there is no direct law. In this regard, Abuzar Esadi, the judge of Kazerun city, added that the procedure for the extermination of dogs is only for sick dogs, which should be done painlessly, and the dogs should be taken alive. He also stated that due to the legal vacuum, there was no proper treatment of people who abused dogs in cities like Rasht and Shiraz. He said that the law should be updated. In the meantime, the head of the animal rights protection association also confirmed the legal vacuum for the protection of urban animals. He added that the only law in this regard dates back to the 1940s. He said that they prepared a draft of 48 articles for the animal protection law and presented it to the parliament, which was met with opposition and inattention by the representatives.
Cases of dog killing:
Tehran and Karaj:
There were cases of killing stray dogs at night in the suburbs of Tehran and Karaj during the year 1392 with firearms.
The Deputy Technical and Implementation Officer of Karaj Municipal Waste Organization announced that 80% of the collected dogs were destroyed. The cause of this problem was declared to be the disease of dogs.
In 2018, reports of killing these animals by injecting acid in Tehran city were published by municipal officials, and the city council approved the news after a while.
The killing of dogs using cyanide was also reported in Hashtgerd Karaj, despite the payment of funds to the municipalities to collect animals in the shelter.
In one of the industrial towns of Shiraz, releasing acid injections to stray dogs by a contractor or municipal officer led to the heartbreaking death of several dog collars. According to reports, the contractors received 15,000 Tomans for each collar, and the animal's body was burned after being killed. The municipal officials placed the problem on the waste organization, and the waste organization, while denying involvement in this issue, blamed the problem on the town's managers. In the meantime, the official of the Shiraz mayor's office accepted the responsibility and said: "Shiraz industrial town was under the supervision of Shiraz municipality" and promised to follow up on this issue. There were also reports that a reward was paid to the body deliverer for each stray dog. Shiraz Municipality did not accept this issue.
In Ahvaz, the publication of clips of the bodies of burnt dogs buried under a pile of tires and set on fire created the suspicion that the Ahvaz municipality attempted to kill and destroy their bodies secretly. Activists of the Khuzestan Environment and Animal Protection Association announced the destruction of between 200 and 300 dog collars by the municipality in Ahvaz city and hiding their bodies in a pile of garbage. They stated that the extermination of each dog brings a profit between 25 and 30 thousand tomans for those who deliver the animal's body. The mayor of Ahvaz said about the news of dog burning that the burned dogs were carcasses and that there was no burning alive. However, an explanation about the origin of those carcasses was not provided, and how exactly the animals died remained in an aura of ambiguity. The number stated that the number of exterminated dogs was counted as three collars, and the publisher of the mentioned films was considered "a fired municipal employee". He also did not accept the connection of the municipality with this issue and announced a complaint against the official of the Khuzestan Environment and Animal Protection Association, Mr Arabifard, because of the publication of this film. The general director of the environment of Ahvaz city also did not accept the responsibility for this action. The publication of this news caused the creation of a campaign titled "Hamitam" and attracted the support of public figures and celebrities. Qanawati, director general of waste in Ahvaz city, stated that three hundred million tomans were allocated for managing stray dogs, but this amount was not spent. Arabi Fard revealed that he was asked to euthanize the female dogs after collecting them at the city council meeting. Arabi Fard also stated that he personally saw where the dogs were burned and showed it to high-ranking officials. He also mentioned the high cost of sterilization as the main reason for resorting to the extermination of these animals.
In Mashhad, according to the CEO of Mashhad Municipal Waste Management Organization, according to the request of village councils and district councils and villages around the city to exterminate stray dogs, stray dogs are exterminated and buried receiving a fee. The amount received per dog in 2014 was about 35 thousand tomans. Also, people were given an amount as a reward for giving each dog to the municipality.
According to an animal rights activist, only in Mashhad, around 100,000 dogs have been killed by guardians over a few years.
Even though there were discussions in Yazd city management meetings to control the population of dogs and deliver them to the shelter, the killing of dogs in this city became news due to gunshots. In just one month, twenty dogs were killed and their bodies destroyed by burial.
In the winter of 2014, Rasht municipality killed stray dogs with direct gunfire during a night plan. Reports indicated that the Rasht municipality dedicates two nights a week to exterminating stray dogs. Not all dogs were killed on the spot after being shot; sometimes, it took hours to kill the animal.
In Tabriz, twenty dog collars were lost due to the consumption of poisoned meat. The region's mayor did not accept this issue and expressed ignorance.
Many reports of dog killing have been published over the years in Hamedan and its suburbs. In 2017, it was reported that a villager killed 37 stray dogs in one of the villages of Hamedan. In this regard, it has been said that Hamadan municipality is killing free dogs by using contractor forces.
After the release of videos of dogs being killed with acid in Shiraz, hundreds of people gathered in front of the Environmental Protection Organization of Iran and condemned this action by carrying placards. There were also rallies in the city of Shiraz condemning this action. These gatherings and protests caught the reactions of the officials of the time and made them declare their position on killing dogs with unconventional methods.
The long-term effect of killing dogs in controlling their population is questionable because the breeding process of dogs will replace them in the future. Also, this issue has been questioned from an ethical point of view. Experts and animal activists consider animal abuse as a prelude to human abuse. In addition, building a shelter for stray dogs is not considered an effective method because the costs of providing food and animal health are exorbitant and require a vast space.
According to environmental activists and urban experts, the "CNVR" method, an abbreviation for "capture, sterilization, vaccination and release", has been the most efficient method to control the animal population. It is customary to use this method in European countries. Only in Sarajevo, the number of stray dogs increases from 16,000 to 5,000 by using this method. Karen Reid, the director of the global department of the "Dogs Trust" organization, which works in the field of stray dog population control, said that her organization received a request for help from Iran, but since the clarifications were not enough and Iran is subject to international sanctions, it was not possible for them to cooperate, which led to more animal abuse.
A group of animal rights activists in Gandak district of Tehran reported the mass killing of dogs 22 hours ago.
The videos received by Iran International show that a group of animal rights activists are present in the Gandak area of Tehran province and report the mass killing of sterilized dogs with license plates.(1700)
Owing a dog (pet) is forbidden, and walking them on the streets or parks is considered a crime with a high fine and might result in confiscation of the dog. Even having them in a car is a crime.
Talking to dog owners in Tehran, I have been informed that they have to go to reserved alleys to walk their dogs and hide them under the car seat if they see a police officer. Their worst fear is losing their dogs.
One thousand seven hundred dogs have been killed recently, which has led to protests around social media and on-site.
But the thing is, they can and will capture or kill them as well.
What to do?:
on Twitter or Instagram.
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