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CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE, 2021- Just talks?

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26, is being held in Glasgow, Scotland, the UK, in partnership with Italy from September 30, 2021, to November 12, 2021. In 2020, the event was planned to be held under the presidency of Alok Sharma, a British politician, at the same place and time. But it was postponed to 2021 due to the pandemic.


 As the name suggests, the conference will discuss measures to prevent the disastrous effects of climate change and is being attended by World leaders from 190 countries, thousands of researchers, citizens, and negotiators as a part of a global response to the ever-increasing climate threat. 


Starting in 1992 as Earth Summit, later on, renaming itself as COP, the conference looks into the issue of how the pace of growth of countries is unsustainable and thus poses a massive threat towards the environment and countries. 


Leaders of top countries have been holding a meeting every year ever since then, but the issue doesn't seem to find a solution as rich countries keep on making economic progress while exploiting earth's resources. Greenhouse gas index by 20% along with a 17% increase in CO2 levels since 1992 has been noted.


This year concerns have been put up, about how developed nations are being utilized as dumping ground, by the developed countries as they are shrugging off their historical responsibility with some cash incentives. The plan of action for COP26 are-


Protect communities and natural habitats


Mobilize finance with an eye on climate change


Cooperate and work together on Climate action


To try to achieve net zero-emission.


 


But the reality seems to be far from the plan. The plan of action has been prepared, without any road map. And not just normal citizens even UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson had said "If summit alone could solve climate change then we wouldn’t have needed the previous 25 ones.” People are calling out the hypocrisy of COP26 as on one hand, it talks about reducing carbon footprints, and on the other hand, 400 private jets have been flown down to Glasgow, emitting a total of 13000 tonnes of Carbon. It alone showcases the enormous issue.


Also, two of the wealthiest economies of the world, i.e., Russia and China did not even deem the critical summit. They skipped it from attending. Keeping in mind that China is one of the biggest polluters of the earth along with America (both account for 40% of the total carbon emission). Other notable no-shows other than Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping were Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil and Recep Tayyip Erdognan of Turkey.


This raises the question of whether or not they even consider the issue of climate change significant or not.


The countries who though attended the summit are not on track. They were required to submit updated action plans by the Paris agreement, but either few of them did not submit it, or even if they achieved they are not in line with the consensus.


Are the world leaders even interested in saving the world? This is what will arise in the mind of several readers, and to speak in full honesty, the answer doesn't seem to be in favor.


Also, the aim of keeping "1.5 degree Celsius" seems to be going down the dungeon as the best-case scenario shows that the temperature would rise at least 2 degrees. This comes 6 years after the Paris agreement which was signed by all 197 members of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ) with the motive of responding to global climate change threats by keeping in check the rising temperatures. U.S, China, Australia, Canada, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, and South Korea are a few names who signed the agreement.


All this and much more are the issues that stand Infront of us. Solutions are nowhere likely to be found. Is this how the world is fated to end? The countries are not transparent about their goals and work with each other, there is a crunch on finance and the ambitions are too high to achieve. Even though it is said that better late than never, the same can't be said in this situation. Can it?


Countries are still not serious about this issue. It's high time now that the energy should be diverted towards the right track. Just pledges aren't enough. Otherwise, Greta Thunberg's "blah blah blah" speech directed towards delegates at a pre-COP summit in Milan will continue to stand true.


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Tags: #2021 #climatechange #COP26 #Parisagreement #Worldleaders #climatechangeconference


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