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Sino-US Affairs,Quest For Global Primacy.

China-US relations


Consider, for instance, how a Zulu would describe the effect when two masters try to run one household. That would be as disastrous as putting ‘Two bulls in the same kraal.’The two great nations, China and the United States, are constantly making headlines about their ties worldwide. There are few issues on which they agree , including terrorism, climate change , international trade laws, and the imposition of constrains on hostile nuclear states. The NSG conference in Seoul, considering India's membership, is a recent illustration of their divergence. Both nations see the other as a threat to their supremacy. This is explained by President Obama's, "pivot to Asia" philosophy. The United States asserts that it is only a strategy to  increase its focus on Asia . But intellectuals and different think tanks realize that it is, in essence, a containmenmt policy for China with the active assistance of Japan and Australia.
Relations between the two nations


After World War II ended in 1945, a new world order emerged. Europe no longer dominated the world. And by demonstrating their global dominance, the capitalist United States and communist Russia were two world powers with power ratios marginally favoring the United States.


 The United States used to enjoy the backing of all European nations and democratic nations, except for India. China was a typical communist nation at the time. In 1948, Mao Zedong, a communist, built modern China after a protracted fight. The United States was antagonistic towards China at the time. The United States funded right-wing forces in China to build them and gain control of the nation.


 China was granted a seat on the permanent security council once this phase ended. During this period, there was a momentary thaw in their relationship. President Nixons visit to China in 1970 was a turning point in the cultural revolution. China opened its doors to other countries. Although Nixon is regarded as one of the worst presidents of the U.S., his timely visit during the prime time television hours made a powerful public statement about his visit to Chairman Mao. It gave the message that China and the U.S are financially buddy buddies, and it continues to this day despite differences in political ideologies.


At the time, Russia was the United States' primary adversary, and China and Russia had border disputes. China used its period in isolation to strengthen itself through time. They implemented economic, administrative, strategic, and political improvements to their system that proved to be too successful in preserving the communist ideology. In the 1980s, they advanced fast and became a formidable regional force.In 1990-1991, the Soviet Union or communism collapsed. Following this, Russia ceased to be a superpower. This left the United States as the global powerhouse and hegemony. In the 1990s, however, China began to signal that it might soon fill the shoes of the Soviet Union.


 Relationship in the current


Due to the contrasting differences in political ideology, both nations do not always agree when it comes to their stance on international affairs, economic, strategic, political, and moral levels. For example, former President Donald Trump's election campaign, Make America Great Again,” was based on the belief in an expansionist, unilateral world order and emphasis on the U.S. dominating the world. On the other hand, China strongly believes in multilateralism and a place where the norms and values of international affairs, laws such as sovereignty, and self-determination are respected without interference with the domestic affairs of other nation-states. These are some examples:


 China and the other surrounding nations of the South China Sea, such as the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia, and Japan, have been misunderstood. The United States not only always supports the claims of the nations listed above but also interferes in the deliberations. This is part of Obama's pivot to Asia philosophy and the primary source of contention between the two nations as China wonders why a nation that is 11140 KM (kilometers) away from the disputed territory feels entitled to play judge and jury.


 China pays insufficient attention to the United States and Europe concerning climate change. As a developing nation, China attempts to thwart every American initiative which opposes its economic development. There are plenty of such instances, but the South China Sea, in particular, is proving to be too risky for their relations.


 Causes of relations' deterioration


 While China and U.S have been on the same side of international affairs like the Sino-Japanese War, the Korean war, world war two, and the Spanish-American war, among others, due to economic factors, we now know that the United States has a 17 trillion dollar economy. In contrast, China has a 10 trillion dollar economy. Their economies were vastly different in the 1980s and 1990s, but China's rapid economic expansion allowed it to compete with the United States. Both nations want to secure their long-term supremacy. The USA leads the capitalist world, while China leads the communist world (controlled capitalism). Therefore, the winner of this competition will demonstrate the superiority of that system.


 Financial firms and banks can contribute to tensions between nations. After World War II, the United States dominated the formation of financial institutions, such as the world bank, IMF, and the Asian development bank Japan. All of these institutions did not provide China with the prominence it deserved. Regarding accountability, economic situation, and administration, the United States and Europe deemed China to be under their standards. These events occurred with the knowledge that China is a permanent member of the security council. When this ignorance became intolerable, China, with its robust economy, chose to construct global financial institutions while retaining its position in the leadership. AIIB (Asian infrastructure and investment bank) and NDB are examples (new development bank). AIIB comprises 57 founding nations, including some of the United States' closest allies, such as the United Kingdom and Australia. AIIB is a direct threat to the IMF and the international bank, and it is widening the gap between the two nations.


 Trade
Trade is crucial in today's global economy. It is common knowledge that China is an export-oriented nation, given its manufacturing muscle. China exports goods to almost every nation on earth, strengthening its economic diplomacy. This is a direct threat to the United States hegemony. The United States and Europe continue to hold the colonial belief that commerce is their monopoly. Hence China's development as the world's leading trading nation causes unease in the western camp and serves as a source of conflict. Therefore, the United States established TTP and TPP to counteract this impact and reestablish itself as a trade leader.


 Control of critical areas is a pressing concern. Both nations want strategic positions in close proximity to one another so that, should the necessity arise in the future, and they might use these areas to their advantage. For example, the Chinese see U.S. base stations in South Korea as a significant danger to their sovereignty.Sea routes, or the control of sea routes, are the greatest control a nation may have in the current international system. And, as is well-known, neither nation is eager to cede territory to its neighbor. China wants sole control of the South China Sea. And occasionally, such action poses a danger to the United States' lesser partners. Both nations recognize the value of maritime commerce, and neither is or will ever be willing to sacrifice their interests. Such behavior on the part of both nations will further worsen their ties.


 There are now specific multilateral organizations that seem to be at odds with the interests of other nations. SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) and NATO are two examples. Together with other ICS nations, China and Russia make up the SCO. Although this organization claims to be working for the development of the Middle East, American think tanks are constantly wary of its actions. Moreover, the recent amity between the United States' archrival Russia and China makes the situation more dubious. Similarly, Chinese think tanks consistently see NATO as a force that works to restrain China. Consequently, such alliances pose a significant barrier to creating trust between these nations.


 Whether it is climate change, terrorism, trade laws, or nuclear proliferation, China and the United States are seldom on the same page at the U.N. A notable example is Azhar Masood. The United States and several other nations supported the imposition of sanctions, while China publicly opposed the move, citing several trivial concerns. For example, China insists that industrialized nations should shoulder more responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions, despite being the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, which has irritated the United States on several occasions. In 2008 Zimbabwes Presidential elections, the United States alleged that the ruling party had rigged the elections and made a draft resolution to sanction. However, the resolution was not adopted as China and Russia vetoed the decision on the claims that Zimbabwe was a threat to regional security. Chinas permanent representative to the U.N. argued that the situation in the country had not exceeded the context of domestic affairs; therefore, negotiation between the parties was best as opposed to interference which would be counterproductive.


 The United States consistently supports the nations bordering the South China Sea, regardless of whether their demands or claims are justified. China similarly rejects the claims of these minor nations. The USA's unquestioning support for these nations is detrimental to its ties with China and the rest of the globe. The greatest illustration of this problem is the tension between China and Japan over the spartly islands.



China has not reflected any stern action against some nuclear nations. Its efforts to resolve the North Korea problem, which poses a direct danger to the United States and its allies, have been minimal. On the other hand, it has invested more in establishing economic and diplomatic ties. China did not completely support sanctions on Iran. Lack of collaboration on such crucial topics widens the gap between these nations.


 Impact of US-China ties on the globe


 China and the United States are the two most significant international powers. Both nations own their blocks. China is gradually assuming the position held by the Soviet Union from the 1950s through the 1980s. Disagreement on productive matters is not a negative, but extreme disagreement and extremism toward one another is not a positive trait. Any big conflict between two nations can alter the global order. There are many instances in which the whole globe benefited from their collaboration which is why despite ideological differences, they still cooperate on many fronts, including trade. Similar to how China played a crucial role in resolving the Iran situation. In addition, both nations collaborated at the Paris meeting to find a solution to the problem of climate change, which could no longer be ignored.


 There are instances in which the lack of cooperation between China and the United States posed hazards to the globe. As with the North Korea problem, a lack of cooperation has allowed North Korea's nuclear capabilities to grow to the point where it poses a danger to the United States. It could be that the United States has constantly invoked the nation's security threat reason to justify sanctioning sovereign states unilaterally. Even invading them to meet the requirement of international law that a nation can interfere with the affairs of another nation if its activities threaten national security or there is a violation of human rights. If not carefully handled, the situation might result in a third global war.


 In light of the above, we may conclude that the relationship between the two is vital for these two parties and the whole world. However, the relationship will stay antagonistic until both parties are equivalent in economic, technical, and military terms.


 The way forward


Based on the evidence and theory, there is just one indicator why a long-term relationship between these two nations is not feasible. There may be an issue-based collaboration between these two parties, but the likelihood of noncooperation is greater. Although little conflict or minor concerns may exist, a full-scale war is neither conceivable nor necessary. While western media has long alarmed the world of China's imminent invasion of Taiwan or Hongkong, the government has proven no interest in the matter. Instead, they continued to focus on its economic development and economic diplomacy, not aggressive and expansionist foreign policy.




Both parties know that cooperation is a win-win game. As both are permanent members of the security council, significant disputes may paralyze the United Nations. India can play an essential role in this situation. Moreover, India has excellent connections with the United States, while China is one of its largest commercial partners. Therefore, India may utilize its position to eliminate animosity between two nations for the welfare of the globe, but it depends heavily on these nations to create good ties.In the last decades, the United States has exploited its dollar diplomacy and engaged in fiscal irresponsibility, resulting in roughly US$30 trillion in debt and endless budget deficits. And as a result, it has abandoned manufacturing and depended on U.S. dollar printing to maintain its high quality of life. Unfortunately, neither the Republicans nor the Democrats dare to acknowledge the issue and provide a solution. All methods will need drastically reduced expenditure and arduous efforts to settle past debts. Too difficult, it is simpler to blame China, which does not address the issue either. Worse, China's rise poses a threat.


 Depending on how each party feels on any given day, this connection will either grow more difficult or less challenging based on national interest.Both nations profit from keeping positive ties. China's capacity to serve as an efficient link in the U.S. supply chain is advantageous for U.S. industrial investments. China gains economically from being the supply chain for U.S. companies.


 The United States complains that as China's strength has increased, it has not assumed a global leadership position. However, AIIB reports that when China takes a leading position, the United States attempts to undermine it. For example, the United States looks content only when China supports American interests in the Iranian nuclear accord.The United States will not negotiate a formal conclusion to the Korean War with North Korea. Instead, it attempts to weaken North Koreans with sanctions that drive them into poverty and then blame China when North Koreans want to avert hunger.


In the meantime, the U.S. has done nothing for 30 years, enabling North Korea to develop nuclear weapons, but blames the Chinese government for such developments.What the U.S. military fears are China's ascendancy over the United States. They cannot tolerate China's gentle climb to power-global dominance. It exceeds their hero mindset. Therefore, the U.S. military is focused on putting China to the test by aggressively pushing China in the SCS and pivoting toward containment.Consequently, the China that U.S. business needs are the same China that U.S. political hawks want to limit and exclude. Similar to how they treated North Korea, Cuba, and others.


 China cannot allow the United States to define and restrict it since maintaining its hegemony in Asia is only in the U.S.'s best interests. The leadership of China prioritizes the interests of the Chinese people.On any given day, the nations may collaborate to influence the globe or pursue their self-interests.The United States is hitting out against China out of fear. Fearful of losing its dollar power, being surpassed militarily, being in the top ten economically, being outside the Europe, Asia, and Africa trade bloc, and its internal issues. In any light, Uncle Sam's future does not seem favorable.


 This could be the reason for the differences in ideological differences. China and Russia are likely to maintain a safe distance and continue with diplomatic and economic engagements as their relationship with Africa, the source of raw materials, is rock solid. While the U.S. and its European allies continue trying to continue the ‘colonial’ mindset for nations of the African continent and use international organizations to impose their authority and control. They have continued to look East, and new world order is slowly taking shape.


 


 


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Tags: #Strategy #Newworldorder #Globaldominance #China-U.Saffairs



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