World Migratory Bird Day is an annual global campaign that aims to raise awareness of migratory birds and the need for international cooperation to conserve them. The day draws attention to the threats faced by the migratory birds.
Migratory birds are often found in Siberia and Europe, near the water bodies depending on foods such as fish, worms, and other water insects. However, when there is a drop in the temperature in these countries, the water bodies automatically freeze, reducing the birds' food items. This makes it difficult for migratory birds to survive when they migrate from one place to another.
The theme of Migratory Bird Day 2022
This year the theme is " Dim the Light for Birds at Night," focusing on light pollution and its impact on migratory birds. Light pollution is life-threatening for birds because many birds migrate at night and light pollution causes disorientation, collision with fatal consequences, injury, and death. It also interferes with their long-distance migration.
When and why is World Migratory Birds Day celebrated for two days annually?
The second Saturday of May and October is observed as the World Migratory Bird Day annually. The celebration of two days is that these are varying peak-day migration periods in the northern and southern hemispheres. It also reflects the cyclic nature of migratory birds.
How World Migratory Bird Day is celebrated
This day is celebrated by conducting various events worldwide by organizing public events such as bird festivals, education programs, and bird watching events to raise awareness about migratory bird conservation.
The day is celebrated because birds have an essential role in our environment. The significance lies in their ecological importance. They are needed to maintain the environmental balance. And though World Migratory Bird Day aims to ensure a healthy bird population and safeguard breeding, non-breeding, and stop-over habitats of migratory birds.
In 2006, World Migratory Bird Day was initiated when the United Nations decided to raise awareness of the migratory linkages between regions across the world. Since then, 118 countries have participated in and hosted events.
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