The tiny CubeSat satellites are intelligent technology with a size similar to that of shoe boxes. They were created in 1999 by Professor Bob Twiggs. Initially, it was just an object of teaching for his students. The information is from the BBC World Service.
However, these tools can change the world, and today there are hundreds of tiny CubeSat satellites orbiting the planet. Thus, all with construction was done quickly more cheaply by universities, start-ups, and governments.
The BBC World Service, through the radio program People Fixing The World has released six incredible plans featuring tiny CubeSat satellites to improve the Earth.
1 - Find endangered animals
The WildtrackCube-Simba satellite went into space earlier this year by coordination of a group of students from Italy and Kenya. Therefore, it is possible to accompany, through it, several animals of the Kenyan National Park. According to Nairobi, Kenya's engineering student Daniel Kiarie, through the tiny CubeSat satellite it is possible to monitor, for example, elephants that approach and cause damage and accidents on farms and plantations.
Therefore, farmers may receive an alert about the approximation of these animals. So they can prevent them from reaching the village. In addition, it is a chance to prevent the illegal extraction of elephant tusks and rhino horns.
It is noteworthy that the tiny CubeSats satellites can last up to 5 years. In this case, the WildtrackCube-Simba only reaches up to 3 years. After that, they set the atmosphere on fire.
2 - Maintenance of wind turbines
Still according to the BBC World Service, the tiny CubeSats satellites are also responsible for connecting sensors in remote areas to the rest of the planet. Farmers, for example, use this function to track water levels of water boxes or animal drinkers that are far away.
Therefore, wind turbines receive repairs only twice a year. That is when something is damaged, it is difficult to fix. Therefore, the BBC World Service survey also showed that Ping Services has developed a tiny CubeSat satellite that can monitor any kind of problem through the sound of the blades that are failing. This way you can receive repairs quickly.
3 - Ending deforestation
The Norwegian government has teamed up with satellite company Planet to combat deforestation across the planet. They already have a constellation of 180 tiny CubeSats satellites. Accordingly, they can monitor and photograph parts of the world at a resolution of 3m per pixel. Any illegal logging in 64 tropical countries will be seen from space and authorities will receive an alert.
4 - Cleaning space junk
Recently, NASA has spoken out about the number of space junk incidents. The fuse was that Russia caused the explosion of a satellite. It caused the spread of about 1500 fragments into Earth's orbit.
In addition, it has approximately 30,000 debris of space junk of all possible sizes. Due to the speed, they travel it can offer risk to space stations, where astronauts live on board. The BBC World Service also revealed that's why the Japanese company Astroscale sent the ELSA-d spacecraft that unleashed a tiny CubeSat satellite.
The satellite successfully managed to catch another CubeSat in use. So it was a successful operation. In addition, B World Service research showed that another tiny European CubeSat satellite was launched in 2018 and fired a harpoon and a network that managed to catch two other satellites unused.
5 - Monitoring of outer space
Several of these tiny CubeSats satellites monitor the Earth. However, much of it is also watching from outside the Planet. In 2018, for example, NASA sent the first CubeSats called MarCO-A and B. Important data from the Insight Lander probe were transmitted by the time it arrived as on Mars.
6 - Fight for the end of slavery today
The Human Rights Laboratory at the University of Nottingham in the UK uses images from tiny CubeSats satellites to monitor cases of slave labour. It was recently discovered that there is a fruit picking camp with Bangladeshi workers in Greece.
The situation was only discovered on account of satellites in partnership with a local NGO, which found that the case was worse than expected. There were over 50 camps with employees working in terrible conditions.
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