India is taken into account as an emblem of unity within the world. A country that features a collection of unique cultures. The culture involves various clothing styles, festivals, languages, religions, dance, music, food, architecture. Indian religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. All of these religions are followed by their Karma and Dharma. Also, many foreign religions are found in India like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
In India, living in an exceedingly joint family is a prevailing Indian culture. All the members of the family live together within the same house including Children, adults, and elders. Grandparents and senior men are considered as the head of the family only. Living with the family is taken into account as giving respect and showing unity and love towards the family.
Mostly, weddings are planned by the elders of the family which are remarked as arranged marriages. India has big fat weddings which include striking decorations, dance, music, fancy clothing, and various Indian traditions. In India, the bride needs to leave her home after marriage and has got to stay within the groom's house forever. While India has the smallest amount of divorce rates. Indians celebrate an outsized number of festivals. The festivals are diverse thanks to the multi-religious and multi-cultural society. Indians value their festivals and their secular norms. On every occasion, the whole family joins together to celebrate and spread love and happiness.
LET US TELL YOU ABOUT SOME FAMOUS INDIAN CULTURES AND TRADITIONS.
1. Greeting - The Namaste
The 'Namaste' word is used for greeting each other. It is an important and widely used tradition of Indian culture. It means to 'I bow to you’.
It is done by folding palms and placing them near the chest. The Namaste is one of the foremost popular Indian customs and isn't just used in India. You all must have seen Barack Obama, doing it on various occasions.
Indians celebrate an oversized number of festivals, due to the presence of diverse religions. In Muslims they celebrate Eid, Christians celebrate Christmas, the Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi, the Hindus have Diwali and Holi festive. Quite honestly, the quantity is endless.
3. Fasting (Karwa Chauth)
Fasting is an integral part of Hindu Culture. Fasts are also known as Vrats are a way to express your thankfulness to the Gods and Goddesses. People throughout the country do fasting during various religious occasions. Some people also observe fast on different days of every week in favour of a selected God or Goddess on a specific day. It is widely believed that by doing so, you are depriving your body of a basic necessity and thus, punishing yourself to cleanse off the sins that you simply have committed until the day of fast.
4. Religious Customs - Holy Cow
In Indian culture, a cow is considered a Holy animal. She is worshipped as a maternal figure. Lord Krishna is additionally known by the name of 'Govinda', which translates to the 'friend and protector of cow'. Hence, cows have respectful significance in Indian Culture and religion.
Lord Shiva's vehicle was Nandi- the sacred bull. That is why feeding a cow and making contributions to cow shelters is considered extremely religious importance for Indians. The Vedic scriptures have emphasized the necessity to safeguard and take care of cows. Cows are a source of life-sustaining milk. Even cow dung is a vital and energy-efficient source of fuel, especially in rural areas. Killing and consuming cows is a sin. Hence, several states in India have banned supplying of cow meat.
5. Religious Symbols - The Swastika
The Indian traditions have various signs and symbols. The Swastika is known as a symbol of Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles. The arms of the Swastika have various meanings.
6. Traditions and Customs - Atithi Devo Bhavah
In India, the old saying 'Atithi Devo Bhavah' is a vital part of Indian culture. It means 'the guest is equal to god'. In Hindu society, the guest has always been of supreme importance in the Culture of India.
7. Dresses of India - Indian Ethnic Wear
Indian women are often seen sporting 'sarees'. The saree is a single piece of cloth and requires no stitching; it is easy to wear and comfortable. It also adheres to religious etiquette. It started as a Hindu tradition but has reached across all religions. For men Kurta pyjamas and sherwani are considered as traditional attire in weddings and rituals.
8. Cuisine - Indian Food
India has a variety of food and cuisine. The style of cooking varies from region to region. Indian food is best known for its extensive use of spices and herbs. As we have various dances, religious practices, language, and clothes styles similarly you will also find a wide variety of food throughout the country. Almost every region is famous for its signature dish.
The food which is common in our nation is rice, wheat, and Bengal gram. Vegetarian food is mostly used in Gujrati South Indian and Rajasthani cuisines. While non-vegetarian dishes form a central part of Mughlai, Bengali, North Indian, and Punjabi cuisine.
9. Eating with Hands
Eating with hands is not considered good to many people. However, it has many benefits. Fingers prevent your mouth from burning when the hot food is put inside. You can check the temperature before eating the food. Traditionally, the right side is used to eat, and the left hand is considered to be dirty. One must thoroughly wash their hands with soap and clean water before eating. This practice makes the eating process very hygienic. Most people in South and East India eat food with their hands. Which is not very common in North and West India. In North and West India, people use spoons to pick up the rice to eat.
India is exceedingly diverse socially and culturally. Hindi and English are the two languages that are widely spoken. Aside from then, there are 22 scheduled languages recognized by the constitution of India. There are 400 languages in India which many people don’t even know till today. Dialects change even with some kilometers of travel in the state. Over the years, about 190 languages have become lost due to very few surviving speakers.
Image credits- Indian Mirror Magazine
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