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Revolutionising Elementary Education: The Pros and Cons of Integrating Technology in the Classroom

Revolutionising Elementary Education: The Pros and Cons of Integrating Technology in the Classroom 

Technology in education is a matter that's broadly debated among teachers and parents alike. While some believe that technology can have a positive impact on literacy, others believe that it can become a distraction and impede scholastic progress. This composition delves into the benefits and downsides of incorporating technology into elementary education.


According to an examination conducted by the National Centre for Education Statistics, 94 percent of classrooms across the United States have access to the internet, and 75 percent of classrooms have access to computers. Furthermore, a study by Pearson, an educational publishing company, found that 79 percent of K–12 schoolteachers agree that technology is an crucial part of teaching (1).


One of the crucial advantages of technology in the classroom is that it can give students a more engaging and interactive literacy experience. For instance, online literacy platforms like Kahoot and Quizlet allow students to quiz themselves and compete against other classmates in a fun and engaging way. Moreover, a report by the National Science Foundation Institute found that students who used digital simulations in science class had better understanding and retention of concepts than those who did not (2).


Despite there being many positives with technology in the classroom, potential downsides still exist when too much technology is incorporated into the classroom. Studies have shown that excessive screen time can lead to a decline in physical activity, poor sleep quality, and negatively affect a child's vision. Technology can be more a distraction than an effective learning tool for some students and may lead to a decrease in their attention spans and abilities to concentrate.


Another concern that needs to be addressed is the access to technology in low-income areas and the potential biases in algorithms used in educational software. For instance, if a student's family doesn't have access to a computer or the internet, due to low-income for example, they may not have the same opportunities as their peers with families earning higher incomes.


Despite these concerns, numerous nations across the world have embraced technology in education. In Japan, scholars use tablets and online resources rather than physical manuals (3). In Sweden, the administration has enforced a completely digitised classroom for pupils (4). It's apparent that technology has great potential to enhance literacy, but it must be used courteously and responsibly.


In summation, technology in education proves to have both positive and negative effects on students. While it can intrigue and motivate students through active engagement in lessons, it can also be a distraction for many and lead to physical and intellectual health concerns. There are a copious number of things to consider regarding technology in the classroom. The responsibility remains in the hands of teachers and parents to weigh the benefits and downsides and make informed decisions about how much technology to incorporate into the classroom.


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