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The New Child Policy in China

China, the most populated country in the world, has introduced its three child policy after 2016 when the two-child policy was introduced. But why has China introduced this policy?

China on Monday announced that it would allow all married couples to have three children ending a two-child policy that has failed to raise the country's declining birth rates and avert a demographic crisis. Births in China have fallen for four consecutive years, including in 2020 when the number of babies born dropped to the lowest since the Mao era. 

The announcement by the ruling communist party represents that the labor pool is decreasing as well as shrinking and graying rapidly, impacting slower development in the industrial sector which earlier helped China to come out of poverty and to become an economically powerful and developed nation. As the elderly population in China is increasing and the birth rate has declined from 18 million new births to 12 million new births  from 2016 to 2020 respectively after the introduction of the two-child policy in 2016.

For the parents in China, such a measure is not that impactful as they still have to support their aging parents and costly education adds it up more due to lack of daycare and the long working hours of parents as well.

The country’s total fertility rate — an estimate of the number of children born over a woman’s lifetime — now stands at around 1.3, well below the replacement rate of approximately 2.1, raising the possibility of a shrinking population over time. (The Indian Express).

This decision and announcement were followed by a meeting of the 25-member Politburo chaired by China’s president and the communist party of China’s general secretary Xi Jinping. The decision was taken in the midst of an increase in the old age people during the 14th five-year plan of China (2021-2025).


This year when China released its once-in-a-decade population census; which drew an alarming picture of decline in the birth rates forcing China to adopt the three-child policy.

The National Bureau of Statistics said on May 11 that 12 million new births were born last year, the lowest number since 1961, a time when Mao’s China was in the midst of a four-year famine, and down from 17 million in 2016. (National Bureau of Stats).

From 2010 China also recorded 264 million of the population from the age group above 60, up by 5%. Also, the population comprising the age group between15-59 saw a drop since 2011 from 900 million to 894 million and is expected to drop to more than 700 million in 2050.  

According to a survey by the Chinese government in 2015, 70% of the population didn’t want to have many children due to financial reasons. A Chinese news agency also conducted a poll of 31,000 respondents out of which more than 25,000 “would not consider at all” having three children while more than 1,500 responded that they don’t have any problem having three children after this poll was removed, the newspaper reported.

This policy is for all the people residing in china and are chinese citizens. 

But isn’t it unfair to have control over a woman's body and reproductive rights? Some of the prominent voices within China have said to scrap the restrictions being imposed on birth right. But Beijing, under Xi Jinping, the party leader who has pushed for greater control in the daily lives of the country’s 1.4 billion people, has resisted.

Considering all of this, here raises  the question to everyone living anywhere in the world under any government, will you support such policies which are against your birthright or not?


-Vardaan Gulla

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Tags: China population census births Three Child policy


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