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Cyber Crimes in Chennai

Cyber crime is a criminal activity that encompasses various forms of frauds involving


technology like computer and network. The fraud involves computer in commission of


crime or any internet linked device may be used as a target. India recorded 11.8% rise in


cyber crime in the year 2020 . The country recorded about 50,000 cases of cyber fraud and


578 incidents of “ fake news on social media” were also reported. The increase in cyber


crime in the past two year is due to the pandemic which witnessed people spending more


time with digital tools, as per the press information bureau.


Among the number of cyber related frauds , Uttar Pradesh recorded the maximum number


of cases followed by Karnataka and Maharashtra according to the National Crime Record


Bureau . In south India , the state of Tamil Nadu recorded 782 cases according to the NCRB


report titled “ Crime in India 2020”.


Various reasons have been responsible behind the rise of cyber crimes in the city of


Chennai . Upon investigating the of rise cyber crime in the metropolitan city , an advocate


and certified cyber crime investigator and forensic analyst , Karthikeyan .N threw light upon


various types of cyber crimes . “Tricks based crime , scam based , sim-swapping , banking


transactions based crime are some of very common cyber crimes in the Chennai city”, said


Karthikeyan . “ Most of the cyber crime involves mind tricks for example in wassap . In


Phishing , the culprit plays with the mind of the user and tricks him into revealing personal


details like address and bank details like OTP, CVV, POS leading to online financial frauds .”,


said the advocate.


There are cyber crimes against women including sextortion in which they are blackmailed by


using morphed pictures on social media and Vulgar comments and posts used to harass


women. In 2021, crime against women comprised 25% of the total cyber-crime complaints


that police registered. “They dupe women by forging the picture using wassap display


picture to make a fake profile ”, said Karthikeyan.N .


“ Women and youngsters need to be aware and alert using social media as they are easy


target .They have often fallen prey to online pornography in lure of job. Several complaints


have been registered by women in “Cyber-stalking”.


 


Chennai city is witnessing increase in frauds related to ATM/debit card, credit card and


internet banking , based on the report by private and public banks . In case of such financial


frauds , the RBI has issued instructions ( Policy of customer protection-limited liability of


customers in unauthorised electronic banking transaction , circular of July 2017 ) by


providing for zero liability of a customer , if he/she informs the bank regarding an


unauthorised electronic transaction within three working days of receipt of information in


respect of the transaction from the bank .RBI has advised banks to ensure that complaints in


this regard are resolved and the liability of the customer if any is established within 30 days


of the unauthorised debit . The customer is eligible for compensation as per the rules.


 


“ Spreading awareness against cyber-crimes through short -message services (sms) , radio


campaigns, publicity on prevention of cyber-crime , cyber safety tips through social media ,


publishing hand book for adolescents/students , conducting banking electronic awareness


and training (e-baat) , are few steps that can be taken to mitigate cyber crimes “, said


Karthikeyan.


There have been several cases of cyber crime frauds on applications like olx , matrimonial


and dating sites, magic -bricks , Naukri. com etc. “ It is advised to refrain from greed and


foolishness to prevent being duped“, said the advocate.


Increasing cyber crime cases among juvenile has been increasing sharply in Chennai city . As


per the NCRB , most of such cases involving juvenile are computer related involving obscene


content , impersonation, fake news . According to “The Indian Express “ Mahesh Kumar


Agarwal , the commissioner of greater Chennai corporation in the year 2020, launched


special dedicated cyber cells to the existing 12 police districts in Chennai . These cyber cells


registered several cyber crime and solved more cases pertaining children.


“ Some of the reasons for increase in cyber crime among children is the use of cell phones


in school. Earlier children spent more time in socialising and outdoor activities like playing


etc. However, now they spent most of their time in electronic gadgets “, said Priyam vada ,


professor in Department of criminology , University of Madras .


“ Children must use gadgets like cell-phone under strict parental supervision. Also, physical


activity among children needs to be encouraged to improve both physical and mental health


of child”, said the professor. “Accessibility and usage of electronic gadget should be carefully


monitored in a child so as to prevent them from misusing them. After all , prevention is


better than cure ”, she said.


According to NCRB Report titled “ Crime in India”, Adolescent children are more likely to


engage in cyber crime such as hacking and online bullying . In Tamil Nadu , there have been


instances of computer hacking or “cyber-trespassing” in youth . In Hacking, the


programming software is accessed and all the data is stolen , according to NCRB .


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