WELCOME TO THE RACE OF E-MOBILE GENERATION
The kaleidoscope of E-mobility across the globe has boosted the global EV [electric vehicles] market. India has actively shown a keen interest in participating and developing Electric Vehicles since the 20th century. The central and state government of India has already expressed a GO for the adoption EVs to drive India's E-mobile future growth.
WHY ONE SHOULD CHOOSE EVs?
1. WHAT IS THE BASIC ENVIRONMENTAL ADVANTAGE?
Instead of a normal fuel vehicle that emits grams of CO2 per kilometer [A car produces 120.1g of CO2 per kilometer at an average rate and it rises to 300g per kilometers at an average for two wheelers], Electric Vehicle [an EV produces 43% of fewer emissions than diesel] can assist the decrease in rising CO2 emissions, also leading India to reach the ratified goal of PARIS AGREEMENT .
2. INTRODUCING A NEW DIMENSION OF DRIVING
EVs are well facilitated with smart assistance, new technologies like voice navigation, 5G and entertainment, comfortable flat seats - gearless and autonomous-driving options. Making your drive more comfortable and less complex.
3. WHAT ABOUT MAINTENANCE?
At an average calculation, maintenance of EVs is 80% cheaper than that of fuel vehicles [with combustion engines]. EVs don’t have many complex mechanical parts like those of fueled ones, hence, it requires a minimum maintenance expenditure.
4. DOES EVs MAKE NOISE?
No, EVs don't make a commotion at all (They don't have an IC engine). Driving EV is equivalent to protecting your environment from Noise pollution.
5. WHAT ABOUT CHARGING EVs?
You can simply change Amazingly. Now you don't have to unnecessarily wait in the long - long queue to fill up your fuel tank, EVs bring you an easy alternative to charge it at home by bringing a charging station home. Charging EVs are also considered free of cost in some stations [i.e- Scotland]. However, it may take a while, as India is still working and growing in setting up E-mobility options. With a full charge, an EV can cover 140-170km [at an average]
6. HOW CAN YOU PROVE THAT EVs ARE CHEAPER?
It's estimated that EVs can save $60 million of the oil price by 2030. Let us assume - At an average car can travel 12.5 km with 1 litre of fuel and can lead you to 100 kilometers approx. or more than 5 litres. While EV [electric car] at an average can run 238 miles [383.02 kilometers] in INR 200-300 at max [estimation by according to Birhan Mumbai Municipal Corporation] with a charge of up to 4hours [the calculation can vary with the model and charging hour]. An average EV with a 30 kWh battery size needs 15 units of charge.
Assume your car has a range of 1 L/15 km you're spending INR 100 on 1L for fuel. However, at basic 15 unit charge of an electric car with 30 KWh needs just INR 75 [and if fully charged - it can take you above 291 kilometers]. There you save the cost wisely by going #SAVEFUEL to #NOFUEL. The price of electricity and fuel can fall up to INR 1.1/km, helping an EV owner to save up to INR 20,000 for every 5,000 km comfortably.
7. A major modification in the timeline of EVs are - Solar charging. Developers and manufacturers are trying to run EVs on solar charging which saves electricity as well as acts eco-friendly.
THE THREAD OF EVs AND INDIA - WHERE IS E-MOBILE INDIA TODAY?
You may recall 'VIKRAM SAFA' India's first electric scooter [ vehicle] dating back to 1996. While today  India has 30% of Electric Vehicles - when the global Electric Vehicle market size at a Compound Annual Growth Rate is 26.8%, we see India's initiative to become the largest Electric Vehicle hub.
1. India’s National E-Mobility Programmed [launched by the ministry of Power] strives to catalyze the entire e-mobility ecosystem [from charging-operators-production to infrastructure - policy framework, etc]. A massive step for reducing pollution that causes an average of 3% of Gross Domestic Product loss annually.
2. Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways - Nitin Gadkari along with R. K. Singh Union Minister for Power and New & Renewable Energy, inaugurated the “Go Electric” Campaign aiming to decrease the dependency of India in coming years spread a wide dimensional awareness on e-mobility at a PAN-India level, successfully boosting the opportunities of EV manufacturers.
3. The government of India has initiated special policy measures such as cutting down GST on Electric Vechicles, exemption on loans to buy Electric Vehicles, the union cabinet has introduced customs duty exemption on numeral parts of EVs, charging stations, and more boosters. It costs 4-8 times less than diesel.
4. Government of Delhi has introduced a new Electric Vehicles policy under which subsidies with additional benefits up to INR 1.5 lakhs can be provided to the EV buyer.
5. The (NEMMP)-2020 National Electric Mobility Mission Plan, (FAME) Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles scheme was introduced with the objective of an e-mobile, electric-future for automobiles by 2030. The manufacture of Electric Vehicles and it's components is pre-calculated to increase the manufacturing share in India’s GDP to 25% by 2022.
6. Just not cars and two-wheelers, many states of India like Kolkata, Delhi have switched to e-rickshaws by waving bye-bye to autos and totos. Regions of Delhi, Bangalore and Mumbai have electric charging points.
7. A target of 30% of Electric Vehicles sales by the year 2030. The Electric Vehicles policy launched in 2020 targets 25% of electrification of vehicle sales till 2024 and 50% of all new buses to be run on an electric battery. Cities such as Kolkata, Pune, Nagpur, and Bangalore have been aiming to be a part of early modifications.
LIFE - LIFE -BATTERY LIFE!
From data, 2020 the world's first battery that was able to power a car for a million miles was revealed by the Chinese battery maker, Contemporary Amperex Technology co. Limited. however, currently, India needs 40,000 electric vehicle charging stations. Batteries of lithium-ion are the best existing option for EVs as they are rechargeable, fast charging, its darker shades and colors help to absorb up to 90% of the sun’s heat, high performance and are used in the latest electric vehicles, adoption of nickel, improved energy safety, and contents. A good amount of affordability and availability of capital for Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). The battery efficiency and cost in India's e-mobile transition to EVs.BASF is one of the leading (CAM) cathode active materials. Then there is OEMs web of manufacturing branches used for efficient supply. For the fastest charge, 60-110 minutes are average, while for slow rate charging 6-7 hours is sufficient for the battery.
DRAWBACKS OF Electric Vehicles
Electric Vehicles has yet a lot to improve like, boosting supply-chain policy, sales, and requirement estimation, switching to solar charging mechanism, management, finance, and branding, etc.
TO THE BEASTS AND THE FUTURE
Future electric cars are the greater ideal - how the generation is going to evidence e-mobility! The long-run consumer demands and recent developments in the EV industry have uncovered some upcoming electric cars like Mahindra e20 NXT, Tata Tiago, and TESLA ranging to 2 crores in cost. Tesla models - TESLA MODEL X, TESLA MODEL Y, TESLA MODEL S, and TESLA MODEL 3 [the best-selling premium sedan in the world] simply range from 60,000 to 2 crores. Some other recent electric cars with an affordable range [under 25 Lakhs] in India are Tigor EV (INR 11.99 Lakh), Tata Nexon EV (INR 13.99 Lakh), and MG ZS EV (INR 21.00 Lakh). Other popular companies like JAGUAR are planning to sell only electric cars from 2025 while VOLVO till 2030 and LOTUS - British sports car company till 2028 will be implementing the same. The growing demands and modifications with time have made consumers value electric cars time by time, the EV industry has experienced a major rejection and challenges in growth but even after everything, EVs are perfect to run with a majority in India soon.
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