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Find out what alopecia is; Condition that occurs with Will Smith's wife

Actor Will Smith, who received the Best Actor award during this year's Oscar ceremony, slapped Chris Rock in the face. The reason for the assault was a joke that the event host made on stage about Will's wife, Jada Pinkett-Smith, no longer having hair. The woman has a disease known as alopecia.

Alopecia is also famous by the name of baldness. This disease causes the absence, less amount of strands and the fall of the hair and body hair. The Virtual Health Library of the Ministry of Health reported that this condition may be transient or definitive. Therefore it can happen only in a region of the body or everywhere it has hair. 

This type of case is more common in men since hair loss is linked to male sex hormones. The ones that cause this fall the most are testosterone. Women don't produce this kind of hormone. That's why it's harder to happen in female people.

Types of Alopecia

There are two types of alopecia that are quite common. The first is androgenetic. This type alters the genetic form that makes hair thinner and thinner. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology (SBD) reported that men and women are likely to have this disease in adolescence. However, it is more noticeable between 40 and 50 years. 

This problem can hit women, especially the central part of the head. The reason this happens is related to acne, obesity and menstrual irregularity. Men, on the other year, are more likely to go bald in the crown region of the head and on the front.

There's another type of alopecia. It's known as areata. In addition to causing hair loss on the head, it also causes hair loss in several other parts of the body. For example on eyebrows, beards and eyelashes. In an interview with Galileo magazine, SBD revealed that only 2% of people in the world have this type of alopecia. This includes men and women of all ages. The SBD survey also pointed out that symptoms appear in 60% of people under the age of 20.

What causes alopecia?

Although alopecia arises due to hormones, other genetic factors can also trigger the disease. Diabetes, vitiligo, thyroiditis, allergic conditions and lupus, and other diseases of an immunological nature, for example, are some of the causators. Other factors can cause alopecia. Some of them for example is:

  • Menopause
  • Stress 
  • Dandruff
  • Oiling above normal
  • Itch
  • Excessive use of male hormone supplementation.

Treatment and prevention

For the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, there are several resources. One is the use of hormone blockers that are done orally. In addition, it is possible to perform the growth of the wires with the help of some drugs that stimulate this process. Minoxidil is one of the most famous products for this type of treatment. In more severe cases, the patient may receive a hair transplant. For those who have alopecia areata, the condition is benign. Even so, it is advisable to do some kind of treatment so that the condition does not get worse and for mental health issues. Experts indicate applying injections in the affected areas or putting creams that are indicated by doctors.  


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