When Ultraviolet (UV) rays get stronger, it's a time when you need to be careful about sun protection before stepping out in the sun. Otherwise, you may suffer skin damage from sunlight or even, certain dark spots on specific areas on the skin. Here is what you need to know about sun damage and the effects of sun on your skin.
Dark spots on the skin are caused by various reasons from a result of aging to nutritional deficiencies. However, most of them are a result of sun exposure.
An excessive sun exposure can trigger skin to produce melanin: a skin pigment that gives your skin its color. In result, the extra melanin piled up on the skin creates dark spots on the skin's surface.
The dark spots on your skin could be a subtle nuisance, such as blemishes and freckles that appear around cheekbones and cheeks. Those spots look similar at first glance, but there are few characteristics that blemishes, and freckles have.
Blemish usually appears like brown spots around the cheekbones, sometimes on the forehead, nose, and chin. It generates from deep inside the skin, so once it comes off on your skin, it doesn't disappear naturally unless you have laser and chemical treatments. Nonetheless, it could be lighter depending on the effects of hormones and UV rays.
Blemish is defined as a type of hormone-affected skin disease. It is also known as age spots. It may start to appear in the age of 20s of women when female hormones are secreted, and it gets darker and thicker in the 30s and 40s. However, as of menopause where female hormones decrease, the blemish would naturally decrease.
Not only hormones but also UV rays are one of the causes of the blemish. The blemishes caused by sun exposure are more likely to remain regardless of female hormones.
Freckles are a little spot spread out like small sesame seeds on cheekbones, cheeks, and nose. It's usually brown, but when it gets worse, it turns black. In addition to the face, it may come off in the front chest, back, shoulder and back of the hand. It may disappear naturally over time if it only appears in the epidermis of skin.
Freckles are greatly influenced by genetics. If you have freckles on your skin, it is highly likely that they come from traits you inherit from your family, such as parents or grandparents. The brighter the skin tone, the more freckles develop.
Freckles are easy to get rid of by treatments, but daily skin care is more important to prevent them from reoccurring after the treatment. Since most freckles are affected by ultraviolet rays, the freckles are bound to appear again on the skin if your skin is exposed to the sun for extended periods. To prevent freckles on the skin, thus, it is important to apply sunblock to protect your skin every two hours and limit your direct sun exposure as much as you can.
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