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Who is Karpoori Thakur ? Why is he awarded the Bharat Ratna?

Karpoori Thakur, born a century ago in a barber family, wasn't destined for the corridors of power. Yet, he rose from the dusty lanes of Samastipur to become the unlikely hero of Bihar, a champion of the marginalized who dared to dream of a more equitable state. His journey, etched in the journals of Indian politics, is a testament to the enduring power of conviction and the fight for social justice.

Thakur's political awakening wasn't a sudden epiphany but a gradual simmering of outrage against the systemic inequalities he witnessed. The plight of farmers, the crushing weight of poverty, the deep-rooted caste hierarchies – these were the realities that fueled his fire. He found his voice in the socialist movement, his oratory resonating with the hopes and frustrations of the downtrodden.

His 1970 election as Chief Minister, the first non-Congress socialist to hold the post, was a watershed moment. Bihar, a land long mired in feudalism and neglect, witnessed a whirlwind of change. Thakur's policies were audacious, defying the status situation. His historic ban on alcohol, a bold move to combat domestic violence and poverty, earned him the title of "Mandal Sarkar" (Prohibition Government). Land reforms, minimum wage hikes, and a focus on education and healthcare aimed to empower the most vulnerable sections of society.

Thakur's legacy, however, extends beyond his policies. He was a man of the people, a leader who spoke their language and understood their struggles. He wasn't afraid to challenge powerful vested interests, the landlords and bureaucrats who had held Bihar hostage for decades. His humility and empathy resonated with the masses, earning him the affectionate moniker "Jan Nayak" (People's Leader).

Despite facing opposition from within his party and the entrenched elite, Thakur remained steadfast in his vision. Though punctuated by political turmoil, his two terms as Chief Minister laid the foundation for a more just and equitable Bihar. He empowered women through reservation in panchayats, championed the rights of minorities, and instilled a sense of pride in the state's rich cultural heritage.

His life wasn't without its blemishes. Critics point to his populist measures, arguing they were unsustainable and led to fiscal mismanagement. Yet, even these shortcomings cannot overshadow the transformative impact of his leadership. He awakened a political consciousness in the people, proving that change was possible and that even the most marginalized could rise and claim their rightful place at the table.

Karpoori Thakur's posthumous conferment of the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, is a fitting recognition of his contributions. Even though it invites both positive and negative reactions from Indians, It is a reminder that leadership is not about privilege or pedigree but courage, conviction, and a burning desire to make a difference. His legacy serves as a beacon for aspiring politicians, urging them to champion the cause of the downtrodden and fight for a more just and equitable India.


Karpoori Thakur's story offers a vital lesson as Bihar grapples with its present challenges. It is a reminder that progress cannot be achieved without addressing the deep-rooted inequalities plaguing society. His unwavering commitment to social justice and his audacious vision for a better Bihar continue to inspire generations to fight for a future where everyone can thrive.


Edited by :Soumya Parija

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Tags: Elections BJP Bihar Latest News Karpoori Thakur Bharat Ratna Thakur


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