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Navigating the Shadows: Inter-Parental Abduction

In family dynamics, inter-parental abduction casts a long and distressing shadow. It occurs when one parent unlawfully takes a child without the consent or legal authority of the other parent, often leaving behind a trail of emotional turmoil and legal complexities. However, the situation becomes even more layered when the parents involved are a same-sex couple. This article delves into the realm of inter-parental abduction, with a particular focus on the experiences and challenges faced by same-sex couples in India.

Inter-parental abduction occurs when one parent, driven by various motivations such as custody disputes, family conflicts, or personal grievances, takes a child away from the other without legal permission. It disrupts the child's well-being, creates emotional distress for both parents, and poses profound legal implications. The abducted child is often exposed to an environment of uncertainty, torn between conflicting loyalties and deprived of the love and care of both parents.


Same-sex couples face distinct challenges in cases of inter-parental abduction. Societal prejudices, legal ambiguities, and the lack of specific legislation tailored to same-sex relationships further complicate the arduous journey. The complexities extend to issues of legal recognition, custody battles, and the ability to protect the rights of both parents in the face of abduction.

India's legal landscape regarding same-sex relationships is evolving, although challenges persist. The Supreme Court of India's landmark judgement 2018 decriminalised consensual same-sex relationships, providing a glimmer of hope. However, the absence of specific laws recognizing same-sex partnerships and the associated parental rights makes legal protection more challenging.


Navigating the aftermath of a spousal abduction requires a strategic and sensitive approach. Here are some steps to consider:

  1. Seek Legal Advice: Consult with a lawyer experienced in family law to understand your rights and legal options. They can guide you through the intricacies of custody disputes and help you build a strong case.

  2. Document Everything: Maintain a detailed record of the events leading up to and following the abduction. Gather evidence, including communication records, witness statements, and any other relevant documentation that may support your case.

  3. Engage in Mediation: Attempt mediation or alternative dispute resolution methods to facilitate communication and find a resolution that prioritises the child's best interests. Mediation can provide a platform for both parties to express their concerns and explore potential solutions.

  4. Involve Child Welfare Authorities: Report the abduction to your jurisdiction's appropriate child welfare authorities. They can help initiate legal proceedings, ensure the child's safety, and provide necessary support.

  5. Seek Emotional Support: Contact support groups, counselling services, or therapists in family matters. They can provide guidance, empathy, and emotional support to navigate complex emotions during this challenging time.


Inter-parental abduction is a distressing and complex issue, especially for same-sex couples in India. While legal protection for same-sex relationships continues to evolve, affected individuals must seek legal counsel and engage in appropriate channels to protect their rights and the well-being of their children. By raising awareness, advocating for legal reforms, and fostering a supportive environment, we can work towards a society that provides equitable and inclusive protection for all families, irrespective of their gender identities or sexual orientations.


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