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Study Reveals Gaps in Undergraduate Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Aging

The United States is on the brink of a transformative demographic shift, with the elderly population expected to surge to 83.7 million by 2050, according to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau

This changing landscape not only underscores the pressing need for specialists in gerontology but also demands a shift in how individuals of all ages perceive and engage with the aging process.

Riding the Age Wave

The Census Bureau's projections reveal a near doubling of the 65-and-over population, from 52 million in 2018 to  95 million by 2060.

A Lifelong Journey

Aging is more than a phase of life; it's a continuous, lifelong process that touches everyone. Education about aging emerges as a critical component in paving the way for successful aging. Research by Davis and Zechner highlights the need to examine the knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate students concerning older adults. Their study focused on 171 undergraduates in the School of Arts and Sciences, revealing their perceptions of aging and the elderly.

Mind the Gap

The research exposed a significant gap in knowledge about aging among these undergraduates. A substantial portion of the students scored less than 70% on a factual knowledge quiz related to aging, highlighting the pressing need for comprehensive educational initiatives in this field.

Diverse Outlooks on Aging

Students demonstrated a broad spectrum of attitudes towards older adults. One assessment, the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD), unveiled predominantly positive perceptions, while another, Kogan's Attitudes Toward Old People Scale (KAOP), indicated a more neutral stance. These findings underscore the necessity to rectify misconceptions and instill positive attitudes toward older adults among younger generations.

Balanced Perceptions of Working with Older Adults

Regarding their career aspirations related to working with older adults, students generally expressed a neutral outlook. While a majority remained neutral, a subset disagreed with preconceptions such as working with older adults being an unrewarding career choice.

Fostering an Age-Friendly Society

The research carried out at the School of Arts and Sciences in New Brunswick offers pivotal insights into the knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate students regarding older adults. It accentuates the vital role of aging education, not only in gearing up students for their careers but also in forging a more inclusive and age-friendly society.

As the elderly population grows, it becomes imperative to arm the next generation with knowledge and empathy towards older adults. The study suggests that educators, curriculum developers, and policymakers should contemplate strategies to enhance and promote gerontology education within undergraduate programs.

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