The COVID-19 situation, which confused the political arena for a certain period, later became an interstate cover. COVID-19, nationalism, and the politics of crisis: Hughes and Greenfeld's criticisms were made based on the scholarly exchange article review. Different and similar aspects were revealed in the analysis of the terms covid-19 and nationalism. It was a time when the policies were quite worn out, the covid-19 epidemic period. In this process, one of the most affected issues in state regimes was the issue of nationalism. The nationalism movement, which was directly and indirectly affected, pushed the countries that were introverted nation-states to develop partially. Countries have defended themselves against the world. The globalizing world did not respond well to the introversion of nation-states because resource consumption was limited. Neighbouring countries perceived it as a threat. For example, there were disagreements between China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Ethnic nationalism disputes were also frequently encountered during this period. As a result of these conflicts, the countries whose territorial integrity was endangered had to take precautions, and the norms of nationalism emerged actively. Marginalized countries have to seek cooperation during the COVID-19 outbreak. We examined how states are affected by national ideas during the COVID-19 epidemic process. According to Hughes, nation-state ideas were strengthened in this process. According to Greenfeld, pandemic conditions have eroded the nation-state consciousness as an idea. Greenfeld also worked together with culture and politics. In the COVID-19 pandemic, culture and events are handled together. People cannot be separated from culture. Therefore, it is unpredictable how the culture will react to events that have yet to be seen before. However, common goals in unpredictable human behaviour reduce the danger. This is the idea of nationalism. An example is the conflict between China and America during the covid-19 epidemic. While the world was living with the COVID-19 epidemic, on the other hand, it had to pay the price of this disagreement and aggression. Such national discord was discriminatory for targeted nations. The conflict between Beijing and Washington was likened to a conflict during the Cold War, but these passive discriminatory discourses led to discrimination against the people of the Far East. According to Greenfeld, strong national sentiments in France, Italy, the Netherlands and similar countries were spread transnationally in Europe. Europe in this process the thoughts between nationalism and covid-19 in the world also provided conspiracy theories. According to Hughes, the power problems between China and America deeply affected the pandemic. Covid-19, known as the coronavirus, was reflected in America as a prejudice that argues that people from this nation do not have hygiene and should be avoided. Ethnic nationalism was affected and eroded at this point. Ethnic nationalism emphasizes that it is combined with a feeling of jealousy. He states that the discourses that harm ethnic nationalism during the epidemic form aggression by losing the fine line between jealousy and aggression. However, it is also clear that with the COVID-19 pandemic process, most of the countries put fundamental material interests behind and turned to spirituality, which indirectly contributes to ethnic nationalism. In this process, companies of global size suffered more. Countries did not allow such companies in terms of resources during the closure process. This posed a threat to countries of similar ethnicity but high economic standards. From the COVID order, China's perspective on Taiwan has also changed. According to Hughes, it has damaged Taiwan's national outlook. As Taiwan gets help from other countries, China perceives it as a threat. Therefore, China waits for the attack. American popularity spread this view to the world as the Chinese became vulnerable to attack in America. Hughes agrees with Greenfeld that transnational institutions have suffered more in this process than the issue of nationalism. Hughes and Greenfeld also agree that it stimulates national values. Finally, according to my inferences, the COVID-19 epidemic affected the countries' policies in the short term. Having a say in the policies of superpower countries in the changing world order after the Cold War triggered the awakening of small nation-state-conscious countries in the COVID-19 epidemic. The triggering of the nationalist movement of the countries and the efficient use of the country's resources during the closure period posed a threat to the superpowers. It was one of the times when COVID-19 conspiracy theories were the most. Belief systems and regime systems, the focus of conspiracy theories, have been the focus of aggression. Countries had difficulty finding solutions to the problems that emerged due to aggression. Because although it has been seen before, it is evident that there is an epidemic in the modern world that has been declared biological warfare. The problems of carrying the virus between nations have pushed nations to turn against each other. With the production in the world in danger, the country's competition for resources also highlighted the black dimension of the epidemic. The poor got poorer, and the rich got richer. In this logic, while the strong countries asserted their power and retained legitimate rights to the world's resources, people experiencing poverty tried strengthening the defence mechanism. It brought a different level to the polarization of national and power interests in this world after the Cold War. Although the COVID-19 epidemic was now progressing with mild cases in the world in 2022, the effect and awakening of the two years on national origins and nation-states, as well as the ability to be self-sufficient, changed the functioning and production factors in the world.
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