Despite the ceasefire announced by warring military groups, gunfire and heavy artillery shattered the peace during the Eid al-Adha celebrations in Sudan. Witnesses in Sudan's capital, Khartoum, reported airstrikes and anti-aircraft fire disrupting the holiday festivities. The country has been embroiled in a complex conflict, now in its 10th week, which originated from a power struggle between the Sudanese military and the paramilitary group known as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF).
The situation has taken a toll on the people of Sudan, with over 500,000 individuals fleeing the country and approximately 2.2 million others displaced within its borders. The death toll from the ongoing fighting has surpassed 1,000, including innocent civilians caught in the crossfire. Sudanese residents expressed fear and disappointment, with one resident, Zahra Saeed, stating that "it doesn't feel like Eid" and describing the empty streets, while Kazem Abdel Baqi emphasized that the country cannot endure further turmoil.
Multiple ceasefires, both unilateral and mediated by external parties like the United States and Saudi Arabia, have been systematically violated. Negotiations between the warring parties are currently on hold. The United Nations mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) welcomed the latest unilateral truce announcements and emphasized that accountability for crimes committed during wartime will be pursued.
The international community has repeatedly urged the warring parties in Sudan to immediately cease hostilities and engage in dialogue. The conflict has led to immense suffering, prompting organizations like the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to monitor the situation closely. UNICEF reported the deaths of nine children in Khartoum and over 50 children wounded, while the WHO highlighted the damage and destruction of numerous hospitals across Sudan.
Efforts to integrate the RSF into the military as part of plans to restore civilian rule sparked tensions between the military and the RSF. The conflict represents an existential fight for dominance between the two sides. The conflict has been characterized by heavy fighting, including airstrikes, artillery, and gunfire, with both parties claiming control over key sites. Negotiations to resolve the conflict have been hindered by the parties' lack of willingness to adhere to transition processes.
As the conflict rages on, hopes for a peaceful transition to civilian rule have been shattered. The humanitarian crisis in Sudan has worsened, displacing more people and hindering aid delivery. The political situation in the country has been significantly affected, with the conflict exacerbating existing instability and presenting challenges for future governance. The international community continues to call for an end to the violence and urges the warring parties to lay down their arms and engage in dialogue to bring about a resolution to the conflict in Sudan.
Editor: Ms.Fahima Afrin
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