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The History of the New York City Pride Parade

The New York City Pride Parade, held on June 25th, 2023, brought together approximately 75,000 marchers and 2 million spectators. This event, unique to the United States, unites those identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, allies, and more. 


It is a heartwarming scene, filled with immense support and a celebration of love, where people connect and form new friendships amidst a sea of rainbow colors. Although the pride parade originated due to outrage, containing a bumpy history, today the parade is widely noted as a day of love, acceptance, and safety.


Where It All Began

The 53rd year of the pride parade in New York City raises questions about its origins and the start of the pride movement. In 1969, a gay bar in New York City, which served as a safe and comfortable space for many, was raided by the police. The raid sparked an unexpectedly strong resistance from the patrons, resulting in intense and often violent confrontations. In response to these raids, the Liberation Committee was created. 


This committee's main goal was to hold a march to display a unanimous fight against homophobia, creating pride within the LGBTQ community. The initial march, birthed out of feelings of passion and anger, was fueled by the deep frustrations of individuals who felt unable to be themselves due to the actions of the New York City authorities.


These marches gradually gained momentum and grew in size each year, parallelling the progress within the community. As the impact of these marches became evident, other cities started following New York City's lead and organized their own pride parades. 


Pride Heritage

In 1979, the first national pride march was established as a response to the violence faced by the LGBTQ+ community. It was a tribute to the original New York City pride march that took place a decade earlier, and had gained significant national attention. In the 1980s, when the AIDS epidemic emerged, the LGBTQ+ community unified in strong support of gay and bisexual men who were disproportionately affected by the disease. 


These individuals not only battled physical illness and the fear of their future, but also faced ostracization due to their association with AIDS. In 1985, the non-profit organization, "Heritage of Pride" took on the responsibility of organizing the pride parade. This transition brought a sense of relief and security to the participants, as the event now had a promise of consistency and a direct source of authority that prioritized the well-being of the marchers as a whole.


The Next Hurdle

Over the following decades, it often felt like for every hurdle the community overcame, another one was waiting in the wings. In the 2000s, achieving marriage equality for same-sex couples was the ultimate goal, representing the long-awaited relief that the community had been seeking for many years. In 2011, same-sex marriage was legalized in New York City, just a weekend before the pride parade, making it one of the most high-energy and memorable parades yet. In 2013, the Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage nationwide.


Work Still to be Done

Today, the pride parade is no longer fueled primarily by anger, as the LGBTQ+ community has made progress in terms of recognition and protection. The pride parade has become an anticipated day to celebrate and be surrounded by the love and acceptance of the community, signifying the progress made and the continued journey toward equality. Although there have been significant victories, there are still steps to be taken toward achieving full equality. 


Painting the streets with rainbows has become a cherished tradition for New Yorkers and visitors alike, serving as a meaningful and productive way to celebrate love and the rich history of the LGBTQ+ community.


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