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Saudi Arabia And Iran, A New Agreement Or A Cold War

The role that Iran played during the Shah's era, and the Iranian-American rapprochement at the sametime, facilitated the realization of tangible influence for Iran. it has not yet hidden its desire to dominate the Middle East, aiming to become the major regional power in the region. Today, Iran faces a real dilemma represented by its lack of sufficient military force to achieve its foreign policy goals.

Iran's vital interests are the basic essence of its foreign policy and its vision of international relations, just as Iran's foreign policy and its objectives are not affected by the conflict between conservative reformists. National. The role played by Iran in the Middle East and the region may not be the result of its policy, but rather many other factors contributed to the crystallization and escalation of this role.

We see that Iran did not deviate from its policy and goals throughout the years of the Cold War and before the Khomeini revolution seized power.

The Iranian revolution marked a pivotal turning point in Iran's domestic and foreign policy, and it took an anti-American and anti-Israel stance and began a journey of hostility to the West in general. As for the Arab countries, this relationship has been very tense.

The Syrian and Yemeni wars came to confirm this, as the Arab countries rejected Iranian interference in Arab internal affairs.

 So, Iran is already waging an existential battle. Today, it is hostile even to its allies if interests intersect. The biggest evidence emerged in the Syrian war. For example, Iran does not allow Russia to extend its control over the places where the Iranian flag was raised, or even over the places that were crowned with an Iranian imprint.

The Saudi-Iranian relationship, has been characterized by constant tension throughout their diplomatic history. Many points fueled the differences between the two countries, including the leadership of the Islamic world, the Hajj incident in 1987, and the interventions in other countries...etc.

The Hajj incident in 1987 marked a major rift in the course of relations between the two countries. In the above year, many Iranian pilgrims died following the demonstrations of the Iranian delegation that denounced Saudi Arabia's support for Iraq during that period, while Iran issued official reports accusing the Saudi police of killing the pilgrims.

However, Saudi Arabia denied the matter, stating that no shot was fired and that the killing of the Iranian pilgrims resulted from the "stampede". The incident led to demonstrations in the Iranian capital, Tehran, during which the Saudi embassy was attacked, killing a Saudi diplomat.

The last thing that can be discussed in this regard is the Iranian interference in the Arab countries, these interventions widened the circle of political estrangement between the two countries so that Saudi Arabia completely rejected Iranian interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries. While Iran has spent a lot of money on the Arab countries, not for the economic development of these countries, but for the arming and support of loyal militias.

As if nothing happened, as if the Iranian ambitions and dreams in the region had vanished and were in the wind. Here is the Saudi plane, face to face with the Iranian plane, at the Chinese airport.

With Chinese sponsorship and American viewing, the Saudi-Iranian agreement topped the screens, as each of them, announced the agreement to resume relations between them, and reopening the doors of their embassies.

The decisions made by the Saudi-Iranian statement:

  • Respect the sovereignty of states and not interfere in their affairs.
  • Activating the security cooperation agreement signed between them in 2001.
  • Resumption of diplomatic relations between Tahra-Ran and Riyadh and the reopening of their embassies within a maximum period of two months.
  • Arranging the exchange of ambassadors.
  • Activating the general agreement for cooperation in the field of economy, trade, investment, technology, science, culture, sports, and youth was signed in 1998.

The two parties 'Saudi Arabia and Iran', along with China, are keen to make every effort to promote "regional and international peace and security."

Here a new horizon should be opened with two questions, the first of which is, did Saudi Arabia fall into the Iranian net, or did God guide Iran for the benefit of the region?

Hassan Nasrallah (leader of the Lebanese Hezbollah militia) performing the rituals of Hajj in Saudi Arabia, and he is the one who did not provide a speech except for attacking Saudi Arabia, as he confirmed days before the agreement, "that whoever waits for an Iranian-Saudi settlement, will wait a long time"... It seems that the Iranian Walia-al-Faqih forgot to tell his agents about the new Saudi-Iranian agreement.













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